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The role of the UK and Welsh Higher Education (HE) sector is critical to the agenda. The research shows that industry needs the support of Universities but in very specific ways. Firstly the critical role of developing human capital with the skills and knowledge needed to become quick useful to business. The human capital does not only need to have STEM skills but also commercial awareness is essential. The talent that is needed to keep Wales and the UK as a meaningful player in these emerging sectors must have a mindset that is open, collaborative and global. Secondly the Universities must be an environment where world class research can flourish. They must be capable of recruiting and retaining the best research talent. Clearly no University can be world class in every subject but there does need to be pockets of truly excellent research work. The research clearly shows that industry needs Universities to focus on the human capital elements of their portfolio of activity. They see other offerings as a much lower priority including access to facilities, advice on manufacturing and regulatory matters and on business strategy. The message is clear ‘give us appropriately trained and experienced talent and create a relevant world class research environment, leave the business operations and value generation to us’. Perspectives from the study underpinning this are as described above.

Supply of talent

  • The data demonstrates the high level of expertise and the multidisciplinary nature of the “Human Capital” involved in the activity across the cluster.
  • The importance of ongoing training and development is clear from both the Collaborative questionnaire and stakeholder interviews. The continued success and growth of regions being underpinned by development of such skills fits with the observations of numerous commentators such as the ONS (2004) and Work Foundation (2006).


  • The global spread of both 1-1 and multipartite partnerships within the TX/UK cohort demonstrates the reach of the knowledge network. The worldwide perspective of innovation systems poses an interesting question for how this fits with the regional approach of considering a Knowledge Economy as presented by Cooke and De Laurentis (2003).
  • The network effect of knowledge dissemination and value creation across the region of Southwest Wales is considered by Abbey et al. (2008) for the Technium/ILS I network. Extending this across the CNH, ILS II network into the TX/UK Collaborative presents a significantly larger network to consider.


It is clear from the study that industry looks to higher education to establish and maintain pockets of ‘world class’ research. Local industry often uses the fact that relevant research activity at the highest level exists in its locality as a differentiator when negotiating a new commercial relationship. Most companies in Wales active in the knowledge economy are on the smaller end of the spectrum. This often means that local research has a potentially disproportionate impact. Such small enterprises are unlikely to have a critical mass of research of their own and therefore their offering to a third party can be greatly enhanced by local research excellence as long as it is relevant, accessible and open.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A study of how a region can lever participation in a global network to accelerate the development of a sustainable technology cluster. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11417/1.2
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