<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
When will educational critics, school administrators, and writers, including this one, stop telling the same story about the requisite skills and dispositions required to prepare exemplary school leaders? These skills and dispositions developed by the American Association of School Administrators (AASA) in 1983 have changed very little in the 2003 Standards for Advanced Programs in Educational Leadership by the National Council for the Accreditation of Colleges of Education (NCATE) or the standards by Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC). Numerous descriptive research studies and observations of best practices of successful school leaders leave little doubt skills and dispositions must be included in leadership preparation and professional development. These basic skills for both building level and system administrators include visionary leadership, policy, law and governance, communication and community relations, organizational management and finance, curriculum design, instructional management and accountability, personnel management and assessment. The unsolved mysteries however, are to what extent do university professors stress the skills and dispositions and do the standards actually shape top school executives who can lead schools to exemplary status? This chapter will make a wide sweep of leadership research, exploring some of the mysteries and attempting to define the term “leadership.” affirm the difficulties in linking leadership preparation in universities and executive development programs in preparing individuals to become successful leaders, examine what seems to be missing in leadership research, who is in charge when leaders back down and how do leaders keep the organization on the proper edge for productivity when faced with inevitable political tensions between members of the community, school board and school administrators?
This module has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and sanctioned by the National Council of the Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a scholarly contribution to the knowledge base in educational administration.

This chapter will make a wide sweep of leadership research, exploring some of the mysteries and attemptingto define the term“leadership.”affirm the difficulties in linking leadership preparation in universities and executive developmentprograms in preparing individuals to become successful leaders, examine what seems to be missing in leadership research, who is incharge when leaders back down and how do leaders keep the organization on the proper edge for productivity when faced withinevitable political tensions between members of the community, school board and school administrators?

One More Time: What is Leadership?

Any discussion about leadership returns to the tired question: are leaders born or made? Next come the issuesabout leaders’temperament, intellect, persistence, and values and why some individual’s with great leadership potential never succeed and others with what appear to have limited leadership skillsaccomplish great things. The discussion can lead to personal charisma, gender, race, and physical attributes of strength andsize and why some individuals perform better under pressure. Some leaders adjust to situations better than others, some are bettertest takers, others are more reflective, some leaders have an inner sense of when and how to act under pressure and how to guide othersout of confusion. This inner sense of leadership was never more evident than during the horrible times at Auschwitz, the Nazi deathcamp. Elie Wiesel (2006) a prisoner at age 13 stood starving and shivering in the cold darkness when a Polish Jew supervisor of thebarracks smiled at him and the others. Wiesel recalls his words of hope. He told us“Comrades, you are now in the concentration camp Auschwitz. Don’t lose hope. We shall all see a day of liberation. Have faith in life. Hell does not last forever”(p.41). Even though this young Pole was assigned by the Nazis to keep order in thebarracks, he had compassion for their suffering and gave them hope for survival. Those were the first human words that 13 year oldElie Wiesel heard after being beaten and dehumanized for several days. In another classic display of leadership Winston Churchillexcelled. During the devastating bombings of London in World War II, Winston Churchill strengthened the resolve of his people andthe world with his daily messages of hope. He told the world (Rogers, 1986):

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask