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Number of collaborations.

The second question explored the nature of the academics’ involvement in the identified collaborations. This tested whether they saw their involvement as being:

  • Basic Research, where by pure basic research is research carried out for the advancement of knowledge, without working for long-term economic or social benefits and with no positive efforts being made to apply the results to practical problems or to transfer the results to sectors responsible for its application. (OECD, 1993).
  • Applied Research, whereby applied research is original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective, (OECD, 1993).
  • Commercial, where their work is related to developing a product or process.

The results shown in [link] , show that while a greater proportion of Commercial Research is undertaken by the Control cohort, when combined with Applied Research the proportion is greater for the TX/UK cohort.

Nature of involvement of the cohort.

Nature of interest

Both groups were asked about the nature of their interest in the collaboration ( [link] ): this being to explore the specific aspiration in terms of outcome of the collaborations. The general trend across both cohorts is a slight decrease in Commercial and Applied Research outcomes. Compared with [link] it can be seen while there is increased interest in Basic Research outcomes within the TX/UK cohort, this is accompanied by a decrease in interest amongst the Control cohort for commercial outcomes.

Nature of interest by cohort.

What has this led to?

The outputs of academic research were also explored. The most startling of the findings was when the two groups were asked what has their collaborations led to in terms of output. Considering equal numbers of participants in both cohorts, the TX/UK cohort delivered 48% more outputs from their collaborations than the Control group (see [link] ). This rather crude measure gives equal value to both academic and commercial outputs. However, within the overall findings this trend remains for almost every individual type of output.

What has this lead to: key performance indicators (KPIs).

Measurement of impact

It can also be seen ( [link] ) that there is a high proportion of publications that are in process by both groups yet there was 44% more amongst the TX/UK Collaborative cohort than amongst the Control cohort.

While the outputs of publications is important to the RAE standing of the university and plays an important role in the amount of research funding the university would obtain after the exercise it is the more relevant economic key performance indicators (KPI’s) of the two research groups which are of interest within this study.

Within this study consultancy was able to be captured and although both groups engage in consultancy activities the TX/UK researchers are 60% more engaged in consultancy activities than the control research group, this could infer that those researchers within research collaborations networks have a greater opportunity to gain consultancy through the network.

Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
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Source:  OpenStax, A study of how a region can lever participation in a global network to accelerate the development of a sustainable technology cluster. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11417/1.2
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