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That’s putting it in modern terms but that is what the martyred Masonic freethinker Rizal was about, he who in 1892-1893 firmly told Jesuits Sanchez and Pastells that he was an unbeliever. Strangely, De Pedro himself noted that in the school year 1878-79 in Manila the 17-year-old “Rizal himself started to doubt everything, to question everything. Is it possible the storm refers to in his Memorias , initiated just a year later, refers to these doubts?” Yes, Dr. De Pedro, in view of this chapter and the previous one. And in view of his poetic freethinker’s cry at 18. The previous chapter suggested the historically momentous induction into Church-condemned and demonized (as Satanic) Freemasonry took place in Madrid, this with help from his own highly impressed Masonic professor. Most likely when he was still 21, especially in view of his just mentioned freethinker predilections when still in adolescence. A very large overlap in both membership and beliefs existed between Masonry and freethinking rationalism. The former’s popular Scottish Rite motto is an Enlightenment freethinker’s creed as well: “Human progress is our cause, liberty of thought our supreme wish, freedom of conscience our mission, and equal rights to all people our ultimate goal.” A deeply shared value of both was lifelong study for continuous improvement of mind and morals. In Masonry Rizal found another learning center for deepening his Masonic scientific humanist studies. It believed too in church-state separation and the required belief in a nonsectarian Architect of the Universe. As a typical scientific rationalist freethinker of the times, Rizal believed in such a deistic-theist God. He prayed to it but without asking for personal favors and miracles on his and others’ behalf. It or he was for him guide to conscience and moral choices. Its or his chief revelation was to be apprehended from nature itself and not scriptures. At times he described unknowable qualities of his ineffable God in agnostic terms and overtones. Most if not all Masons of his acquaintance thought like him in a fully liberal-progressive brotherhood of self-improvement seekers. His turning into a Mason when still 21 follows naturally in the wake of his previously cited budding freethinker’s poem of 1879, and the December 1882 letter to Paciano.

That’s the creed he supposedly denounced in his sweepingly worded retraction. Rather did he firmly reaffirm it defiantly in his December 30, 1896 Constancy Swan Song: “Constant am I in repeating the essentials of my faith.” He explained to Fr. Pastells a few years earlier that he used the word “faith” in its sense of factually and logically reasoned beliefs, rather than in the usual sense of “fe”, or

faith. He used that one-syllable word in his poems because, unlike English. Spanish lacked a powerful and poetic one-syllable word for creed or belief, other than “fe”. He surely included his belief in Masonry’s faith or creed in that quoted line from Adios. His Masonic humanist creed ever deepened in his mature years, as in his famous 1890s speech before his Masonic brotherhood, on “Science, Virtue, Work in Masonry.” Some telltale passages from it: “Humanity will not be redeemed while reason is not free, while faith will continue to impose against the facts, while whims are laws…” A ringing passage reminded them of the faith-fed eliminationist persecutions of such thinkers as Copernicus, Bruno, Galileo, and many other scientists and philosophers eager to make their contributions to the times’ emerging modern thought. Those inquisitorial persecutions, threats, demonizations delayed the progress of science for centuries, he stressed in that talk and essay. He mentioned that these innovators of thought found protection and a home in Masonry. He attacked obscurantist churchmen, those befuddled who “called virtue believing in the impossible and rejecting the conclusions of science and experience.” And for regarding blind “belief in the absurd” as virtue.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Opus dei book's darkened rizal & Why. OpenStax CNX. Mar 20, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11225/1.2
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