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Impact was a factor in deciding on the decision-making approach. When decisions would have life impacting results for students, such as being arrested or not receiving a high school diploma, they personally made the decision without input. Principals’ perceptions that for students’ best interest to be fairly represented they had to make high impact decisions were reflected in the statement, “People believe that magically as ninth graders they should be responsible” (Midwest High School Principal 83, 6/18/2006).

Another important factor was that stakeholders want a voice—but may not want to make the decision. “They really want to be sure that they’re heard and listened to. It doesn’t mean that necessarily they [ sic ] want to make the decisions,” (Midwest Middle School Principal 73, 1/19/2006). A middle school principal suggested that in giving opportunities for input, there should be accountability to do what is best for students, rather than accountability for the result to be held solely by the principal.

While some want voice, others do not participate. Midwest Elementary Principal 57 (6/2/2006) perceived that teachers were either unwilling or did not have the knowledge or skills to collaborate. Southwest Elementary Principal 33, 1/3/2006 said, “… I have to educate and convince all the stakeholders that the vision that I have as the hired instructional leader is the right vision which affects almost every decision that I make. …We spend a lot of time talking about, What is consensus [ sic ].”

A challenging factor was the lack of commitment of time as Middle School Principal 71 became aware in a surprising encounter with a 35 year veteran teacher, “She stopped me mid stream of the discussion and she said “As a building leader, I need you to tell me what to do, ok?” (1/19/2006). Teachers may believe that decision-making is the principal’s role. “We have a lot of opportunities for shared decision-making. What we found, … the teachers really don’t have the time, and so, if you plan meetings for them to get their input, there are a lot of times when they will say, just do it,” (Southeast Elementary Principal 20, 5/27/2005). At times principals also made a decision not to take teachers out of class for decision-making. Southeast Elementary Principal 21 (5/27/2005) indicated, “but you don’t have a teacher in the classroom doing what they really need to be doing, teaching the children.”

Theme 2: leadership decision-making

If stakeholders are to be involved, they want to know what decisions are to be made and how their input will be used (Midwest K-8 School Principal 70, 1/19/2006). High school principals expressed that stakeholders want to be involved if the decision affects them. This belief was stated by Midwest High School Principal 77 (10/17/2005)

… most people want to be involved because they want to feel some ownership in the process, they want to have some buy-in. If they have that, they’re more likely to give you their best effort than if it just comes out and you say this is what we’re going to do.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review, volume 12, number 2 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Sep 26, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11360/1.3
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