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This module describes the method of Active Noise Jamming and what happens when it is detected by a radar.

There are several different methods of jamming available, all with their own strengths and weaknesses. One of these is active noise jamming explained below.

Active, continuous noise jamming:

Continuously broadcasts white noise of high amplitude, causing radar guns to read random numbers, preventing a reading of the actual speed of the car. The radar gun takes about 8 measurements of speed, and only outputs a speed if the 8 measurements agree.

    Advantages

  • Always works except sometimes at VERY close range
  • Very easy to build and operate, since it is always on

    Disadvantages

  • Very Illegal: Jamming or attempting to jam a police radar gun is a federal felony punishable by fines up to $75,000 and one year in jail.
  • Very easy to detect, since you are broadcasting a loud signal to everyone around. Most modern radar guns have detectors for these signals, alerting the cop when he is being jammed in this manner.
  • Radar detectors will not work, since your own jammer is constantly broadcasting radar anyhow.
  • The cops can shoot an anti-speeder missile which homes in on your jamming signal.

Active, selective noise jamming:

This is a variation on how the Active Noise Jammer is used. This is not continually on, as the implementation above is. Instead, a radar detector detects radar, and then triggers the active jammer described above for several seconds while the driver slows down to a legal speed. The jammer then shuts off.

Note: this requires that the jammer operate faster than the radar gun, so that the jamming signal is outputted before the reading is complete.

    Advantages

  • Works most of the time.
  • Less likely to be detected by jammer detectors, since it is on for a shorter period of time, and since it will be on only when the cop’s radar gun is transmitting. Many radar guns’ jammer detectors do not work when the gun is transmitting, because it reads the radar being transmitted by the gun itself.
  • The anti-speeder missile described above will not work.

    Disadvantages

  • Just as illegal as continuous active jammers, with the same penalties
  • If the radar gun is well built and faster than the jammer device, it can get a reading of a car’s speed before the jammer turns on
  • Some more modern DSP radar guns can detect radar jamming even when the gun is transmitting

Example

Both jammers above work the same but differ in when and how long they are broadcast. Now we output tons of noise at all frequencies, filling the spectrum up like this:

As is easily seen, the true peaks are completely lost in a noisy haze. This causes the radar gun’s matched filter to look something like this:
Thus, the radar gun outputs go crazy, and no believable result is found. Since a radar gun requires 8 subsequent readings to all output the same velocity before making a measurement, this prevents the guns from making any measurement whatsoever.

Questions & Answers

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fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
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That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
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Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, Radar jammer in matlab. OpenStax CNX. Dec 23, 2004 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10257/1.1
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