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Executive summary

The emergence of the Internet has transformed the practice of the humanities and social sciences—more slowly thansome may have hoped, but more profoundly than others may have expected. Digital cultural heritage resources are a fundamentaldataset for the humanities: these resources, combined with computer networks and software tools, now shape the way that scholarsdiscover and make sense of the human record, while also shaping the way their findings are communicated to students, colleagues, andthe general public. Even greater transformations are on the horizon, as digitized cultural heritage comes into its own. But wewill not see anything approaching complete digitization of the record of human culture, removal of legal and technical barriers toaccess, or revolutionary change in the academic reward system unless the individuals, institutions, enterprises, organizations,and agencies who are this generation’s stewards of that record make it their business to ensure that these things happen.

The organized use of networks and computation for the practice of science and engineering was the subject of a2003 report to the National Science Foundation (NSF), Revolutionizing Science and Engineering throughCyberinfrastructure.

National Science Foundation, Revolutionizing Science and Engineering through Cyberinfrastructure: Report of theNational Science Foundation Blue-Ribbon Advisory Panel on Cyberinfrastructure (January 2003) (External Link) .
In both the NSF report and this one, the term cyberinfrastructure ismeant to denote the layer of information, expertise, standards, policies, tools, and services that are shared broadly acrosscommunities of inquiry but developed for specific scholarly purposes:cyberinfrastructure is something more specific than thenetwork itself, but it is something more general than a tool or a resource developed for a particular project, a range of projects,or, even more broadly, for a particular discipline. So, for example, digital history collections and the collaborativeenvironments in which to explore and analyze them from multiple disciplinary perspectives might be considered cyberinfrastructure,whereas fiber-optic cables and storage area networks or basic communication protocols would fall below the line forcyberinfrastructure.

Recognizing that a revolution similar to the transformation of science and engineering addressed in the NSFreport is inevitable for the humanities and the social sciences and that these disciplines have essential and distinct contributions tomake in designing, building, and operating cyberinfrastructure, the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) in 2004 appointed aCommission on Cyberinfrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences. This report reflects the reach of its sponsoringorganization, the ACLS, by focusing on the needs of the humanities and nonnormative social sciences, that is, social sciences that areinterpretive.

The ACLS Commission was charged with three tasks:

  • To describe and analyze the current state of humanities and social science cyberinfrastructure
  • To articulate the requirements and potential contributions of the humanities and social sciences in developing acyberinfrastructure for information, teaching, and research
  • To recommend areas of emphasis and coordination for the various agencies and institutions, public and private, thatcontribute to the development of this infrastructure

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
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