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This module has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and sanctioned by the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a significant contribution to the scholarship and practice of education administration. In addition to publication in the Connexions Content Commons, this is published in the International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, Volume 4, Number 1 (January - March 2009), at (External Link) , formatted and edited by Theodore Creighton, Virginia Tech.

The need for effective change leadership standards and preparation programs

It is clear that there is a stunning need for effective change leadership in America’s school systems. If nothing else validates this need, the failure of piecemeal school reform to transform teaching and learning, the cynical characterization of proposed changes as “flavors of the month,” and the astonishing inability to sustain change in school systems all stand as stark examples of why effective change leadership is needed. Yet, this need is not being effectively responded to by the field of education leadership.

The Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (Council of Chief State School Officers, 2008) and the Educational Leadership Constituents Council (National Policy Board for Educational Administration, 2002) share a set of high-quality standards for preparing future education leaders at the district and building levels. Their standards have a sub-element that expects future education leaders to possess knowledge of change models and processes. These elements are appropriately embedded within broader standards for preparing school-based and district-level education leaders. However, as long as change leadership competencies are sub-elements of other professional standards for leaders, the field of education will not meet the need for effective change leadership in school systems.

Given the need for effective change leadership and given the significant lack of response to that need, I propose that state departments of education should adopt a set of research-based change leadership standards and then create a professional license (or certificate) for change leadership based on those standards. Then, universities and colleges with graduate-level education leadership programs should create new graduate-level programs tailored to satisfy the change leadership standards—programs that specialize in preparing change leaders about the how, what, and why of creating and sustaining systemic transformational change in school districts (e.g., the Education Specialist Degree Program in Change Leadership in Education at Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C.).

Standards for preparing change leaders in education

The standards for preparing change leaders in education presented below are intended to define the practice of effective change leadership in school systems. The standards are derived from an analysis of the research and literature cited above, but adapted for the challenge of transforming school systems.

Questions & Answers

so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
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what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
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Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, National framework of professional standards for change leadership in education. OpenStax CNX. Feb 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10638/1.2
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