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ME = 13520 joules + 26950 joules = 40470 joules


Let's see if we can validate that result in some other way.

We know that the mechanical energy of the rocket at rest on the platform was equal to 1470 joules.

We can compute the work done in moving the rocket up by 260 meters by multiplying that distance by the upward force. Thus,

work = distance * thrust, or

work = 260 m * 150N = 39000 joules

Additional mechanical energy

This is the mechanical energy added to the rocket after it left the platform while the engine was burning.The total mechanical energy when the burn ends is the sum of that value and the mechanical energy that it had while at rest on the platform. Thus, the totalmechanical energy at the end of the burn is:

ME = 1470 joules + 39000 joules = 40470 joules

A good match

This value matches the value computed earlier on the basis of the height of the rocket above the surface of the earth and thevelocity of the rocket. Thus, the two approaches agree with one another up to this point.

State at the end of Leg B

Therefore, at the end of Leg B,

  • The total mechanical energy possessed by the rocket is equal to 40470 joules.
  • The gravitational potential energy is 26950 joules
  • The kinetic energy is 13520 joules
  • The rocket is out of fuel and is coasting upward with a velocity of 52 m/s.
  • The only force acting on the rocket is an internal downward force due to gravity, which is equal to 10kg * 9.8m/s^2 = 98 newtons.

Leg C

This is the part of the trip where the rocket coasts from its height at the end of Leg B to the apex of its trip. The continued upward motion is due solely to its kinetic energy at the endof Leg B.

From the end of Leg B when the rocket engine stops burning, until the rocket crashes on the surface of the earth, the only forces acting on the rocket will be the internal force of gravity.

Total mechanical energy is conserved

Since internal forces cannot change the mechanical energy possessed by an object, thetotal mechanical energy for the rocket must remain at 40470 joules for the remainder of the trip.

How long to reach the apex?

We can compute the time required for the rocket to reach the apex as

t = v/g = (52m/s)/(9.8m/s^2) = 5.31 seconds

How far will the rocket travel?

Knowing the time required to reach the apex, we can compute the distance to the apex (during this leg only) as

d = v0*t - 0.5*g*t^2, or

d = (52m/s) * (5.31s) - (0.5) * (9.8m/s^2)*(5.31s)^2, or

d = 138 meters

An additional 138 meters

In other words, the rocket travels an additional 138 meters straight up after the rocket-engine stops burning. This additional travel is due solely to thekinetic energy possessed by the rocket at the end of the burn.

The total height of the apex

Adding 138 more meters to the height at the end of the burn causes the height at the apex to be

height at apex = 275m + 138m = 413 meters

Mechanical energy equals potential energy alone

At that point, the total mechanical energy is equal to the gravitational potential energy because the rocket isn't moving and the kinetic energy has gone to zero.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
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Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
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Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
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s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
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Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
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good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
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silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Accessible physics concepts for blind students. OpenStax CNX. Oct 02, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11294/1.36
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