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Writing a thesis is hard work because you must organize and explain such a huge amount of material. I am convinced, though, that the effort is worthwhile because you learn so much during the process. Everything you learn about writing accurately, clearly, and concisely you will use over and over in your professional life.

Remember to use the required thesis margins: one and a half inches left; one inch top, right, and bottom. The page number does not have to follow the one-inch margin rule; do what your software wants to do with a page number.

Thesis contents:

Title page

Signed by your committee; take 4 copies on 100% cotton rag or 20 lb. bond paper to your defense

Abstract (350 words for ph.d.; 150 words for a masters)

The abstract must summarize the contents of the thesis, not merely say what it is about. Write it last because you must have written the Introduction and Conclusion before you can summarize their main ideas in the Abstract.

The first sentence should identify the research problem and signal your method(s) and your results. Then move to details, which must include a clear definition of the problem addressed and its importance, the intellectual context of the problem within your field, your methods, the most important of your findings (be specific!), your unique contribution, and possible applications. You may want to include possible future work suggested by your findings, as well.


Try to limit this to one page. Thank your committee first; then team members and others who helped you; and, finally, your family. Be generous, but not flowery.

Table of contents

List of tables and figures (if needed)

List of definitions (if needed).

If your thesis is interdisciplinary, you will almost always need to include definitions.

Preface (optional; most theses omit this)

Text (the body chapters)

Chapter 1. introduction:

This chapter provides an overview of the thesis as a whole; it does not simply give background. The first sentence should identify the problem and signal your results. Then move to a more detailed overview of problem, importance, method, intellectual context, and your findings. The last paragraph usually briefly lists what will be covered in subsequent chapters. You can usually do it in one sentence per chapter; try to vary the sentence style.

The Introduction is often short, perhaps some 10 pages. Write it after you have written the body chapters and the Conclusion so that you know just what you are introducing.

Chapter 2. background and literature review:

Here is the place you situate your work in the field. Your goal is to show that you understand how your work fits into and contributes to the context of the wider research field. Include only references to previous work important to your research project.

The chapter can be organized either thematically or chronologically. Summarize the major contribution of each of the works cited; show how each work relates to what came before or to contemporaneous research; identify issues; link each previous work to your research as well. It should be clear why we are reading about a particular work and how it relates to your thesis research.

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Becoming a professional scholar. OpenStax CNX. Aug 03, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10871/1.2
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