<< Chapter < Page
  Introductory statistics     Page 21 / 36
Chapter >> Page >

78 . For a chi-square distribution with five degrees of freedom, the curve is ______________.

11.3: test of independence

Use the following information to answer the next four exercises. You are considering conducting a chi-square test of independence for the data in this table, which displays data about cell phone ownership for freshman and seniors at a high school. Your null hypothesis is that cell phone ownership is independent of class standing.

79 . Compute the expected values for the cells.

Cell = Yes Cell = No
Freshman 100 150
Senior 200 50

80 . Compute ( O E ) 2 z for each cell, where O = observed and E = expected.

81 . What is the chi-square statistic and degrees of freedom for this study?

82 . At the α = 0.5 significance level, what is your decision regarding the null hypothesis?

11.4: test of homogeneity

83 . You conduct a chi-square test of homogeneity for data in a five by two table. What is the degrees of freedom for this test?

11.5: comparison summary of the chi-square tests: goodness-of-fit, independence and homogeneity

84 . A 2013 poll in the State of California surveyed people about taxing sugar-sweetened beverages. The results are presented in the following table, and are classified by ethnic group and response type. Are the poll responses independent of the participants’ ethnic group? Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% significance level.

Ethnic Group \ Response Type Favor Oppose No Opinion Row Total
White / Non-Hispanic 234 433 43 710
Latino 147 106 19 272
African American 24 41 6 71
Asian American 54 48 16 118
Column Total 459 628 84 1171

85 . In a test of homogeneity, what must be true about the expected value of each cell?

86 . Stated in general terms, what are the null and alternative hypotheses for the chi-square test of independence?

87 . Stated in general terms, what are the null and alternative hypotheses for the chi-square test of homogeneity?

11.6: test of a single variance

88 . A lab test claims to have a variance of no more than five. You believe the variance is greater. What are the null and alternative hypothesis to test this?

Practice test 3 solutions

8.1: confidence interval, single population mean, population standard deviation known, normal

1 . σ n = 4 30 = 0.73

2 . normal

3 . 0.025 or 2.5%; A 95% confidence interval contains 95% of the probability, and excludes five percent, and the five percent excluded is split evenly between the upper and lower tails of the distribution.

4 . z -score = 1.96; E B M =   z α 2 ( σ n ) = ( 1.96 ) ( 0.73 ) =   1.4308

5 . 41 ± 1.43 = (39.57, 42.43); Using the calculator function Zinterval, answer is (40.74, 41.26. Answers differ due to rounding.

6 . The z -value for a 90% confidence interval is 1.645, so EBM = 1.645(0.73) = 1.20085.
The 90% confidence interval is 41 ± 1.20 = (39.80, 42.20).
The calculator function Zinterval answer is (40.78, 41.23). Answers differ due to rounding.

7 . The standard error of measurement is: σ n =   4 50 = 0.57
E B M =   z α 2 ( σ n ) = ( 1.96 ) ( 0.57 ) =   1.12
The 95% confidence interval is 41 ± 1.12 = (39.88, 42.12).
The calculator function Zinterval answer is (40.84, 41.16). Answers differ due to rounding.

Questions & Answers

Example of discrete variable
Bada Reply
sales made monthly.
How to answer quantitative data
Alhassan Reply
what's up here ... am new here
sorry question a bit unclear...do you mean how do you analyze quantitative data? If yes, it depends on the specific question(s) you set in the beginning as well as on the data you collected. So the method of data analysis will be dependent on the data collecter and questions asked.
how to solve for degree of freedom
Quantitative data is the data in numeric form. For eg: Income of persons asked is 10,000. This data is quantitative data on the other hand data collected for either make or female is qualitative data.
Degree of freedom is the unconditionality. For example if you have total number of observations n, and you have to calculate variance, obviously you will need mean for that. Here mean is a condition, without which you cannot calculate variance. Therefore degree of freedom for variance will be n-1.
data that is best presented in categories like haircolor, food taste (good, bad, fair, terrible) constitutes qualitative data
vegetation types (grasslands, forests etc) qualitative data
I don't understand how you solved it can you teach me
Caleb Reply
solve what?
What is the end points of a confidence interval called?
lower and upper endpoints
Class members write down the average time (in hours, to the nearest half-hour) they sleep per night.
William Reply
how we make a classes of this(170.3,173.9,171.3,182.3,177.3,178.3,174.175.3)
why is always lower class bundry used
Assume you are in a class where quizzes are 20% of your grade, homework is 20%, exam _1 is 15%,exam _2 is 15%, and the final exam is 20%.Suppose you are in the fifth week and you just found out that you scored a 58/63 on the fist exam. You also know that you received 6/9,8/10,9/9 on the first
Diamatu Reply
quizzes as well as a 9/11,10/10,and 4.5/7 on the first three homework assignment. what is your current grade in the course?
the answer is 2.6
if putting y=3x examine that correlation coefficient between x and y=3x is 1.
Aadrsh Reply
what is permutation
Rodlett Reply
how to construct a histogram
Baalisi Reply
You have to plot the class midpoint and the frequency
ok so you use those two to draw the histogram right.
ok can i be a friend so you can be teaching me small small
how do you calculate cost effectiveness?
Hi everyone, this is a very good statistical group and am glad to be part of it. I'm just not sure how did I end up here cos this discussion just popes on my screen so if I wanna ask something in the future, how will I find you?
To make a histogram, follow these steps: On the vertical axis, place frequencies. Label this axis "Frequency". On the horizontal axis, place the lower value of each interval. ... Draw a bar extending from the lower value of each interval to the lower value of the next interval.
I really appreciate that
umar Reply
I want to test linear regression data such as maintenance fees vs house size. Can I use R square, F test to test the relationship? Is the good condition of R square greater than 0.5
Mok Reply
yes of course must have use f test and also use t test individually multple coefficients
hi frnd I'm akeem by name, I wanna study economics and statistics wat ar d thing I must do to b a great economist
Is R square cannot analysis linear regression of X vs Y relationship?
To be an economist you have to be professional in maths
hi frnds
what is random sampling what is sample error
Nistha Reply
@Nistha Kashyap Random sampling is the selection of random items (or random numbers) from the group. A sample error occurs when the selected samples do not truely represent the whole group. The can happen when most or all of the selected samples are taken from only one section of the group;
Thus the sample is not truely random.
What is zero sum game?
Hassan Reply
A game in which there is no profit & no loss to any of the both player.
Differences between sample mean & population mean
mohammed Reply
Not difference in the formula except the notation, sample mean is denoted by x bar and population mean is denoted by mu symbol. There is formula as well as notation between difference variance and standard deviations
Likely the difference would be in the result, unless the sample is an exact representation of the population (which is unlikely.)
what is data
Nii Avin - Data is just a simple way to refer to the numbers in the population, or in the sample used in your calculations.
what are the types of data
Data is the very pale android from the Star Trek Enterprise
Am Emmanuel from Nigeria
Am Qudus from Nigeria
am Handson from Cameroon
what is a mode?
Nii - data is whatever you are sampling. Such as the number of students in each classroom.
Handson Ndintek - the mode is the number appearing most frequently. Example: 7 9 11 7 4 6 3 7 2. 7 is the mode. In a group such as 7 9 1 4 6 3, there is no mode because no number appears more often than any other.
hi I want to know how to find class boundary
give me the two types of data
Neddy Reply
qualitative and quantitative
primary and secondary data
qualitative and quantitative

Get the best Introductory statistics course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Introductory statistics' conversation and receive update notifications?