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The conservative culture of scholarship

In response to the Commission’s invitation for public comment on the draft of this report, Dickie Selfe(director of Michigan Technological University’s Center for Computer-Assisted Language Instruction) observed that the“challenge of cyberinfrastructure is primarily a challenge to our own academic cultures. This report is an opportunity to admit tothat challenge and to commit to cultural change.” The university is an ancient institution, so it is not surprising that its culture isconservative, especially in the humanities—one of the oldest faculties of the university. Robert Darnton, a prominent scholar ofFrench history, remarked at the Commission hearings that the structural elements of the academy have not changed, even thoughthe world has. A recent study of the state of online American literary scholarship identified several cultural features amonghumanists that seem to militate against change.

Martha Brogan, A Kaleidoscope of Digital American Literature (Washington, DC: Digital Library Federation andCouncil on Library and Information Resources, 2005).
Despite the demonstrated value of collaboration in the sciences, there arerelatively few formal digital communities and relatively few institutional platforms for online collaboration in the humanities.In these disciplines, single-author work continues to dominate. Lone scholars, the report remarked, are working in relativeisolation, building their own content and tools, struggling with their own intellectual property issues, and creating their ownarchiving solutions.

Many have contrasted this pattern to that found among technology-intensive sciences and engineering, in which“large, multidisciplinary teams of researchers” work “in experimental development of large-scale, engineered systems. Theproblems they address cannot be done on a small scale, for it is scale and heterogeneity that makes them both useful andinteresting.”

(Chatham, 11)
In contrast to this collaborative model, Stephen Brier, Vice President for InformationTechnology and External Programs of the City University of New York, told the Commission, “Humanists tend to be more focused onindividual theorizing and communicating of ideas and information about their disciplines. Technology is not seen as a necessary, letalone a required, tool for collaboration in the humanities the way it is in the sciences.”

Most people the Commission interviewed expressed hope that an investment in cyberinfrastructure wouldallow humanists and social scientists to “conduct new types of research in new ways.” To take advantage of the technology, onemust engage directly with it, and one must allow traditions of practice to be flexibly influenced by it. One such tradition in thehumanities is that of the “individual genius.” Nevertheless, many of the examples cited in this report show us that humanists can behighly collaborative and that by working in groups, they can sometimes address research questions of greater scope, scale, andcomplexity than any individual—even a brilliant one—could address in isolation.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
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