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The conservative culture of scholarship

In response to the Commission’s invitation for public comment on the draft of this report, Dickie Selfe(director of Michigan Technological University’s Center for Computer-Assisted Language Instruction) observed that the“challenge of cyberinfrastructure is primarily a challenge to our own academic cultures. This report is an opportunity to admit tothat challenge and to commit to cultural change.” The university is an ancient institution, so it is not surprising that its culture isconservative, especially in the humanities—one of the oldest faculties of the university. Robert Darnton, a prominent scholar ofFrench history, remarked at the Commission hearings that the structural elements of the academy have not changed, even thoughthe world has. A recent study of the state of online American literary scholarship identified several cultural features amonghumanists that seem to militate against change.

Martha Brogan, A Kaleidoscope of Digital American Literature (Washington, DC: Digital Library Federation andCouncil on Library and Information Resources, 2005).
Despite the demonstrated value of collaboration in the sciences, there arerelatively few formal digital communities and relatively few institutional platforms for online collaboration in the humanities.In these disciplines, single-author work continues to dominate. Lone scholars, the report remarked, are working in relativeisolation, building their own content and tools, struggling with their own intellectual property issues, and creating their ownarchiving solutions.

Many have contrasted this pattern to that found among technology-intensive sciences and engineering, in which“large, multidisciplinary teams of researchers” work “in experimental development of large-scale, engineered systems. Theproblems they address cannot be done on a small scale, for it is scale and heterogeneity that makes them both useful andinteresting.”

(Chatham, 11)
In contrast to this collaborative model, Stephen Brier, Vice President for InformationTechnology and External Programs of the City University of New York, told the Commission, “Humanists tend to be more focused onindividual theorizing and communicating of ideas and information about their disciplines. Technology is not seen as a necessary, letalone a required, tool for collaboration in the humanities the way it is in the sciences.”

Most people the Commission interviewed expressed hope that an investment in cyberinfrastructure wouldallow humanists and social scientists to “conduct new types of research in new ways.” To take advantage of the technology, onemust engage directly with it, and one must allow traditions of practice to be flexibly influenced by it. One such tradition in thehumanities is that of the “individual genius.” Nevertheless, many of the examples cited in this report show us that humanists can behighly collaborative and that by working in groups, they can sometimes address research questions of greater scope, scale, andcomplexity than any individual—even a brilliant one—could address in isolation.

Questions & Answers

how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
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