<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Revitalizing ostp

When he arrived in Washington, Bromley discovered that the OSTP staff had only eleven members and a $1.5 millionbudget, down from fifty members and $4 million during the Carter years. Bromley, op. cit ., 40-41. Bromley moved quickly to recruit competent new OSTP staff. By the time he departed Washington in January 1993, the OSTP budget was $6.25million and its staff numbered sixty-five. Bromley managed this turnaround in part because of the cordial relations he established with key members ofCongress. Additionally, since he had abided by the substance of the Science Policy Act by recruiting four associate directors subject to confirmation by theSenate, prospective OSTP staff members at lower levels felt assured that they could make a difference. These staff members served as liaison to the principalfederal research agencies, to other organizations within the Executive Office of the President—particularly the OMB—supported the activities of the newlyconstituted PCAST, and helped upgrade the status of the FCCSET, whose revitalization Bromley considered one of his principal achievements.

Federal r&D budgets

Bush’s budget requests for science- and technology- related agencies signaled from the outset that he was convinced of theirimportance to the nation. In a statement accompanying his first budget request for fiscal year 1990, which he delivered personally before a Joint Session ofCongress, he laid out the following proposals:

  • Keeping on track to double the budget of the National Science Foundation by 1993;
  • Making permanent the tax credit for R&D;
  • Creating a new task force on competitiveness, to be chaired by the Vice President;
  • Funding for NASA and a strong space program: “We must have a manned space station; a vigorous, safe space shuttle program, and morecommercial development in space”;
  • A new attitude about the environment: “We must protect the air we breathe. I will send to you shortly legislation for a new, more effective CleanAir Act.” “Text: ‘A Realistic Plan for Tackling’ Deficit,” Los Angels Times (Feb. 10, 1989), 20.

The president’s proposed budget for fiscal year 1991 was the first whose science and technology components had been crafted inlarge measure by Bromley. For the first time in more than a decade, the budget included a far larger increase for civilian as opposed to military R&D. But, as Science noted, “big science” was the big winner in these proposals. The bulk of the proposed budget was to supportsix big science projects:

  1. The Strategic Defense Initiative;
  2. The Space Station;
  3. The Moon/Mars initiative;
  4. The Superconducting Super Collider;
  5. The National Aerospace Plane;
  6. The Human Genome Project. Colin Norman, “Bush Budget Highlights,” Science 247 (Feb. 2, 1990), 517-19.

The inability of the federal budget simultaneously to support so many big science projects and the desirability of seekinginternational support for the civilian-oriented projects were soon to become major themes during Bromley’s tenure.

The fiscal year 1991 budget proposed a major increase for research on global climate change. The proposed budget for globalchange research exceeded $1 billion, with NASA’s Earth Observation System satellites as its centerpiece. However, for the first time, the Bromley-craftedR&D budget presented a cross-cutting proposal, with six agencies in addition to NASA receiving substantial support for global change-related research. Budgetcross-cuts were to become a notable aspect of Bromley’s revitalization of FCCSET.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask