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  1. That he [Bromley] would have access to him [the president]whenever he needed it.
  2. That once he [Bromley] and the president had agreed on some actioninvolving science and technology, that I would have his full support to make it happen.
  3. That the president would, for the first time, nominate all four of the OSTP Associate Directors provided for in PL 94-282. Ibid, 17.

The third of these conditions underlined Bromley’s largely unarticulated promise to recognize aspects of the OSTP Actthat his three predecessors had ignored. That Act had provided for four OSTP Associate Directors, who had to be confirmed by the Senate. As science advisorto Carter, Frank Press had appointed only assistant directors who did not require confirmation. His two successors under Reagan followed hisprecedent.

Bromley seems to have had no problem with asking the president to nominate associate directors who would also becomfortable with congressional testimony. His first selections for those positions were J. Thomas Ratchford, Associate Director of AAAS and formerly asenior staff member on the House Science and Technology Committee, nominated as Associate Director for Policy and International Affairs; and James Wyngaarden,Director of the National Institutes of Health, nominated as Associate Director of Life Sciences.

President Bush speaking at the National Academy of Sciences, May 1991. Left to right: D. Allan Bromley, Frank Press, President of NAS, Bush,and Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN). Courtesy AIP Emilio Segre Visual Archives, Bromley Collection.

Bromley accompanied Ratchford and Wyngaarden to Capitol Hill to introduce them to the Senate Commerce, Science, Space andTechnology Committee for what was expected to be their pro forma confirmation hearings. The confirmation portions of those hearings were, in fact, pro forma , but Bromley himself was subjected to a fifty-five–minute grilling by committee chair Albert Gore (D-TN) about the administration’s weakto non-existent activities on environmental issues, particularly global climate change. Bromley’s principle defense was that more research was required before ascientific consensus could be reached on the detailed nature of global change and the economic consequences of mitigation. According to one report, “Thegentlemanly, silver-haired Bromley stood up to the Senators throughout the ordeal. But at times, he sounded foolish and even uninformed as he dutifullyattempted to defend the administration’s weak environmental performance against vintage congressional bombast.” “A Bad Day on Capitol Hill for Dr. D. Allan Bromley,” Science&Government Report XIX, No. 17 (Nov. 1, 1989), 1-5.

Two of the four associate directors resigned midway through the Bush administration. From early 1991 on, Donald A. Henderson, Deanof the School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University, served as Associate Director for Life Sciences. Eugene Wong replaced Phillips as Associate Directorfor Industrial Technology. Karl A. Erb, a former Yale colleague of Bromley’s who had served as Assistant Director of OSTP for Physical Sciences and Engineeringsince 1990, then replaced Wong as Associate Director for Physical Sciences and Engineering under the OSTP.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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