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Important issues in this largely policy-for-science category included: the level and distribution of support required to maintain the national research system; how to deal with the physical erosion of university research facilities; establishing criteria for selecting among competing, large-scale scientific “megaprojects”; and providing appropriate incentives for students to pursue postgraduate study in science and engineering.

White house science council

Sensitive to criticisms that the OSTP during the Carter years had been too inward-looking, Keyworth established a White House Science Council (WHSC) in 1982, with members drawn from universities, industry, and government laboratories. The stated purpose was to assist the science advisor in examining issues affecting federal science agencies and to conduct studies of programmatic and policy problems cutting across agency lines.

Unlike the defunct PSAC or the aborted PCST, Keyworth’s council was responsible to the science advisor rather than the president, had access to the president only through the science advisor, and had no explicit authority to set its own agenda. Thus it failed to provide the direct, independent channel of communication between the president and the scientific community that Golden advocated, although it did provide a channel for external advice to reach OSTP.

Several WHSC reports, including Research in Very High Performance Computing (November 1985) and the Report of the White House Science Council Panel on the Health of U.S. Colleges and Universities (February 1986), made strong pleas for stronger cross-agency coordination. But while a few specific recommendations of these reports were reflected in subsequent budgets, their implicit, collective plea for more serious attention to fundamental national research system issues went unheard. By 1987, bipartisan congressional resolve to control a politically unacceptable federal budget deficit killed any chances that budgetary support for the national research system would grow at all. The Graham-Rudman-Hollins Balanced Budget Act of 1985 required that the federal budget be balanced by 1991. However, when 1991 approached, Congress repealed this legislation.

Status of the science policy act

It is hard to fault the Reagan administration for failing to resolve problems that had beset American science policy for more than forty years. But the administration was sharply (and fairly) criticized for failing to recognize that a strategic reorientation in science policy might have provided it tools for addressing serious national problems, including economic problems. Other nations, particularly in East Asia, were implementing successful, coherent industrial science policies that posed a serious challenge to the global economic position of the United States. A close reading of the Science Policy Act’s legislative history could have offered a framework for such a reoriented policy. But by 1981, even Congress seemed to have abandoned any serious attempt either to convince the executive branch to adopt a broad, strategic approach to science policy, as intended by the 1976 act, or to coerce it to do so by means of its oversight authority or its control of the federal budget.

Questions & Answers

how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
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I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
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a perfect square v²+2v+_
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algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
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or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
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Kristine 2*2*2=8
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Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
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No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
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. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
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good afternoon madam
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what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
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after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
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Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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