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Expectations for tenure and promotion . Some institutions had very clear expectations for tenure and promotion while others were very vague. As mentioned earlier, one respondent had to fight for continuation in his position because of unclear policies. He stated, “We submit a portfolio annually and it’s supposed to have documentation of teaching, research and service.” This respondent had not been given a written copy of the tenure and promotion guidelines. Another respondent stated, “I didn’t know the expectations or the processes to remain.” However, this same respondent further elaborated on written information on tenure, “I knew what the tenure process was. We do a pretty good job about letting all faculty know.” Another respondent emphasized the importance of building relationships with current faculty members, even outside of any formal faculty mentoring program,

Building relationships if not a formal mentor is important. This can be done through co-authoring some works. I am an island by myself at the university because my specialization of school finance is not shared with anyone else in my department so I need to find others outside of my university to work with on this topic.

Time. Time has different meanings at the university level when compared to the PK-12 administration level. For some respondents the pace is slower. There is more flexibility in setting own schedules. One former superintendent stated, “I have a lot more time. I came from a high pressure and stressful job. The stress now is stress I bring on myself to do tenure things. I am interested in mathematics research.” Another respondent stated, “Most principals are concerned with the daily operations of a school. Moving into higher education is a slower pace and the daily responsibilities are very different”. Yet, time was discussed as the second most frequent challenge because new faculty felt there was not enough time to complete everything and some discussed the difficulty of budgeting their time in order to publish and prepare their portfolio for tenure.

Understanding the culture at some institutions was a challenge for many participants. This was the most frequent response given for challenges in the transition to higher education. One of the participants described it as, “Know the pecking order of your department.” Another participant offered a recommendation to take time to learn the culture. He stated, “Take some time assessing the situation. Those who appear to be your friend early on, usually aren’t.”

Job Satisfaction. Many new faculty to higher education explained job satisfaction as an individual satisfaction. Job satisfaction was determined as an independent focused part. The majority of our participants felt they were prepared to enter the field of higher education. One of the respondents mentioned, “You are on your own and you need to be self-disciplined.”

Mentorship . Most had some form of mentorship. At some of the institutions it was highly formalized while at others it was loose in structure. “Colleagues outside and inside the university helped me get started. My superintendent network was strong and I found help from the network established while I was a superintendent.” Another participant stated that he found the state and national affiliates to be helpful. One participant mentioned that their department had a writing group that helped each other. This participant expressed, “The writing group critiques and discussed our shared research articles. My mentor gave me ideas to use to start some research in my classroom. The university also had professional development opportunities in the area of research that was very helpful.” Another participant suggested that you find a mentor immediately to help navigate the position otherwise it can be very difficult.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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