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Within the past decade two comprehensive reviews of the literature studying mentoring programs in education have been published. Ehrich et al. (2004) published a structured analysis of 300 plus research-based articles on mentoring across three disciplines (education, business and medical) in an attempt to make valid inferences about the nature and outcomes of mentoring. Their review confirmed mentoring across the disciplines as an overwhelmingly positive experience for the mentor, the mentee (protégé), and the organization. They concluded, “mentoring has enormous potential to bring about learning, personal growth, and development for professionals” (p 536). Four years later, three authors traced the evolution of mentoring programs in the United States in business and academe. Their findings affirmed that “early and present day mentoring literature indicates that protégés, mentors, and organizations benefit from these learning relationships” (p. 557). Carr (as cited in Zellers, Howard,&Barcic, 2008) noted the literature also indicated that ‘faculty with mentors feel more confident than their peers, are more likely to have a productive research career, feel greater support for their research, and report higher career satisfaction' (p. 34).

Recent Peer Mentoring Pilot Programs . Recent university-sanctioned peer mentoring programs have been created to help bridge the gap between what people know, what they think they know, and what they ultimately need to know in order to be successful in their new position, especially in the area of research and publication. A group of non-tenured faculty at both the University of Alabama Birmingham (Searby et al., 2009) and Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (Karanovich, et al., 2009) lead peer mentoring pilot studies for non-tenured faculty members designed to assist junior faculty in satisfying the three basic psychological needs common to all of us as human beings: to be capable, contributing, and connected (Adler, 1930).

Both pilot programs proved successful in providing ongoing support and knowledge to the non-tenured faculty, increasing non-tenured faculty scholarly publications, and winning support of the institution’s administrators. The Support Network for Assistant Professors (S.N.A.P.) at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (Searby et al., 2010) and Thinking, Writing, Inquiring, and Learning (T.W.I.L) piloted at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (Karanovich, Searby,&Rosnick, 2009) were structured peer mentoring programs designed to provide mutual support to non-tenured faculty. Participants, all non-tenured faculty members, felt the peer mentoring activities were helpful in answering their questions about tenure, promotion and scholarly work (Karanovich et al., 2009; Searby et al., 2010).

Phase i: lessons learned revisited

The Phase I Survey results affirmed there were many misperceptions of what the expectations and actual job duties are in higher education by those serving as administrators in PK-12 schools. The Phase I results helped to better inform those in PK-12 education looking to transition into academia. The results provided strategies to help aspiring professors to “better their chances” for success during the tenure process by starting early to establish a scholarly research agenda and consider opportunities to provide service to other school districts and the university community. Survey respondents recommended that seeking adjunct professor positions prior to making a complete transition could help the person seeking to make a career move into higher education better prepared by providing opportunities to teach adult learners, prepare syllabi, and design university level courses. It was also suggested that practitioners begin doing research within their own schools and publishing the results or consider partnering with a current university faculty member to serve as a co-author of a research study.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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