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Title III requires the president to establish a President’s Committee on Science and Technology (PCST), charged with conducting an extensive science, engineering and technology survey.

Without a doubt, the OSTP act is the most far-sighted, comprehensive statement of national science policy goals and principles ever to be enunciated by any branch of the federal government. But there is also little doubt that the attempt to legislate a national science policy and to define the science advisor’s responsibilities in terms of its implementation undermined both the objectives of requiring the White House to conceptualize science policy in broader terms and assuring effective presidential access to the official designated to advise the president on implementation of the grand strategy.

Although the OSTP Act became law approximately six months prior to the November 1976 presidential election in which Ford would be defeated by Jimmy Carter, Ford gave every indication that he would remain faithful to Congress’ intentions. In July, he nominated Stever as OSTP Director, and Stever moved rapidly during the next five months to implement the provisions of the new act. Philip Smith, who had served as his executive assistant at NSF, moved with Stever to the Executive Office of the President as assistant director of OSTP. The OSTP negotiated contracts with two consulting firms to plan preparation of the first Five-Year Outlook and the first Annual Science and Technology Report to the Congress . The Intergovernmental Science, Engineering, and Technology Advisory Panel (ISETAP), the Federal Coordinating Committee on Science, Engineering, and Technology (FCCSET) were activated, as was the President’s Council on Science and Technology (PCST).

By the end of his term, Ford was beginning to think in strategic terms about linking science and technology investments to national goals Ibid, 212. just as Congress had intended. Ford also took pride in having reversed the downward trend in federal R&D expenditures that had started in 1967. Between fiscal years 1968 and 1975, Federal fiscal years began on July 1 until 1975, after which they began on October 1. total federal R&D expenditures, as measured in constant 1972 dollars, declined from $18.1 billion to $14.5 billion. Science Indicators reports. During the two fiscal years in which the Ford administration presented its budget request to Congress, total R&D investments were $15.1 and $15.4 billion respectively. These upward trends were to continue throughout the subsequent Carter administration, reaching $16.5 billion in fiscal year 1980. Federal expenditures for basic research, which had declined from $2.93 billion in fiscal year 1968 to $2.54 billion in fiscal year 1975, rose to $2.60 billion in fiscal year 1976, $2.72 billion in fiscal year 1977, and to $3.13 billion in fiscal year 1980.

On August 13, 1976, the day after Stever was sworn in as science advisor, Ford nominated Simon Ramo as chairman of PCST. Nine more PCST members were named in October. At the first two committee meetings, responsibilities for each of the thirteen components of the congressionally mandated federal science and technology survey were assigned to the members, and six additional meetings were scheduled for 1977.

On March 16, 1977, the pro forma resignations of all PCST members were accepted by the new Carter administration. Thereafter, PCST and the survey it was supposed to carry out were dead letters, as was the idea that the executive and legislative branches could cooperate closely in implementing a national science policy. This was to be among several early indications that the Carter administration’s implementation of the OSTP Act would be halfhearted at best.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
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Sherica
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Sherica
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Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
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Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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