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Finally, the administration objected to a proposed new PSAC-like committee called the President’s Committee on Science, Engineering, and Technology.

When finally signed into law, the OSTP Act was closer to the Senate than the House version. Provisions regarding the relationship between the director and the Domestic Council and National Security Council were eliminated, as was the provision of grants to the states. A federal-state advisory committee was established, as were FCCSET and a President’s Committee on Science and Technology (PCST). PCST was temporary, extendable after two years at the president’s pleasure, and assigned the specific task of carrying out the federal science and technology survey originally in the House bill.

Finally, the bill mandated that a five-year science and technology outlook and annual science and technology report be sent to Congress.

Left to right: former Congressman (D-CT) and at that time Director of the Office of Technology Assessment Emilio Daddario, Congressman Charles Mosher (R-OH) and Senator Edward Kennedy (D-MA).

The bill was an attempt at accommodating a plethora of conflicting and overlapping interests, including those of the scientific establishment (exemplified by the National Academy of Sciences), with its insistence on special access to the president; federal line agencies (and their constituents) intent on preserving their turf; science-related interest groups and populist scientific organizations such as the AAAS; state and local governments; educational organizations; and groups concerned with equity for women and minorities. While the act accommodated most of these interests, at least on paper, it failed to resolve the perennial problem of unifying defense and non-defense science policy. It granted no explicit authority of the OSTP director over defense R&D, and included no statutory relationship between OSTP and the National Security Council.

Congressional fellows

During the interregnum between the Nixon administration’s expulsion of the presidential science advisory system and its restoration, while the act was being debated in congress, professional scientific societies had moved more boldly into the political arena. In 1974, the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) obtained funding for seven Congressional Fellows; the American Physical Society (APS) obtained funding for two more. The fellows (generally junior university faculty members) were assigned to the staffs of congressmen or committees for a year. Within a few years, several other professional scientific societies were also sponsoring Congressional Fellows.

Aaas science policy forum

During deliberations over the bill, the AAAS undertook a pilot project analyzing presidential R&D budgets, culminating in a two-day meeting in June 1975. Scientists came from all over the country to participate. Speakers included Stever, several prominent congressmen and congressional committee staff, representatives of key federal agencies, and scholars expert in science policy. The AAAS decided to make the R&D Budget Colloquium an annual event, and within a few years it had grown into the annual AAAS Science Policy Forum. These annual colloquia were instrumental in introducing working scientists to the complex politics of science policy.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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