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From this perspective, the most important among thousands of books published in Classics in the first decade of the twenty-first century was Christopher Blackwell’s Demos , an e-book that earned its author tenure. (External Link) . This book not only provides a survey of Athenian Democracy and its underlying institutions but also systematically provides machine-actionable links between its exposition and open-access versions of relevant primary sources in Greek and English. These links include not only simple citations but also services such as dynamic maps and searches for keywords. In the history of intellectual life this act was as profound as it was simple. Demo s was not the first such publication. In the 1980s, Thomas Martin, one of the founders of the Perseus Project, created an Overview of Greek Culture (External Link) . that appeared both as a print book published by a university press and as a electronic publication that contained machine-actionable links to primary sources and to dynamic services. Christopher Blackwell was the first to create such a publication as an independent project and to hazard his career upon the experiment.

In my own work, I can point to at least one major practical consequence of this larger goal. There are clear benefits to working with the most up-to-date editions of Greek and Latin source materials, but if we work with primary sources that are legally entailed, whether by contract or copyright law, we bear the cost of losing open access and open content. Open access in this case designates the ability to make a source freely available and to allow anyone without restriction to examine the primary sources on which our work is based. The fact that many of these sources may not have accompanying translations in a language familiar to a particular audience is a subject to which I will return.

I use open content to designate the right for third parties to modify, repurpose and redistribute derivative works from original digital editions freely. Even if we only interest ourselves to our professional colleagues with privileged access to commercial databases, we cannot conduct emerging scholarship without the ability to create derivative works. This includes not only the production of new editions but also of scholarship that augments digital corpora. The Hestia Project (External Link) . in the UK, for example, took the geo-coding within the Perseus digital edition of Herodotus as a starting point, augmenting and correcting the automatically generated information from Perseus and creating a new database with which to study the geographic relations within Herodotus. For more on this see also Barker 2010. They were able to begin this project without formal permissions because the content was available under a Creative Commons license The various kinds of creative commons licenses available are described at (External Link) . Almost all of the TEI-XML files available from the Perseus Digital Library can be downloaded, and they are all licensed under the Creative Commons NonCommercial ShareAlike 3.0 License. and they can now redistribute the results of their work freely. Among the most important fields for much emerging humanities research—certainly for those of us who work with language—are corpus and computational linguistics. And yet unfortunately, the reuse of many linguistics resources (historical or otherwise) also involves complicated copyright and other legal issues, see Lehmberg et al. 2008 for an overview. The operative model is not the entrepreneurial Dickens seeking copyright protection to make money. Historical linguistic sources must be defended as data sets that must circulate as freely as their counterparts in environmental science or astrophysics if our research is to realize its full potential.

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
how to synthesize TiO2 nanoparticles by chemical methods
Zubear
what's the program
Jordan
?
Jordan
what chemical
Jordan
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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