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This is a chronicle of developing story of India woven around daily events involving politics, corruption and cricket.

April 07, 2011 (Thrusday) : Dynamics of ombudsman bill

There is a bit of surprise there as to why people are so eagerly latching on Anna Hazare. More than Lok-Pal (ombudsman) bill, the frustration with rampant corruption appears to be the underlying concern which has been driving people to identify with him. The Lok-Pal bill is aimed to bring the public servants under the scanner of probity. Besides, the bill seeks to bring vigilance apparatus of the Government like Chief Vigilance Commission, CVC, and other such establishments within its ambit. An expanded understanding beyond Lok-Pal bill is that Ann Hazare has initiated a campaign which aims to cleanse the system plagued by corruption and mismanagement.

At the highest level, genesis of corruption lies in the process of election itself fueled by the tendency of politicians to subvert democratic institutions and practices in various unconceivable manners. In India, the legal funding of election is miniscule in comparison to the actual cost involved. Some independent estimate puts the figure as high as 20 crores i.e. 4 million dollars per Lok-Sabha (Indian parliament) seat. Clearly, each of the political parties needs to have enormous unaccounted money to be in the fray. This brings in the money provider (donor) who provides money in anticipation of favor, fund manager who controls the fund and finally money keeper who keeps the fund till it is required.

Both fund provider and keeper influence Government business processes by way of getting contracts or favors or by seeking lucrative appointments. As far as fund keepers are concerned, they are double sword. It can be best understood in terms of a saying “when you owe 100 dollar, then Bank owns you, but when you owe 100 million dollars then you own the Bank.” For this reason, some of the very influential fund keepers, being custodian of party funds, are ominously potent and owns the party to a great extent. In addition to a say in the business process, they influence appointment of ministers, nominations to Rajya Sabha (upper house), assemblies etc besides having a say in the appointments of bureaucrats and public sector executives. People, in the know, call it the political cost of democracy that people are bound to pay for the governance they enjoy (?).

In the recent past, matter worsened exponentially due to additional reasons. The verdict of people in two general elections had been fragmented. This necessitated the need of a coalition Government with the Congress party as the largest party within the formation. Election fund being the primary requirement of participating parties, a proportionate sharing of various ministries (departments) were agreed upon with a very candid understanding of relative values of each of these departments and ministries. After a great deal of bickering which was well documented by newspapers and media, final arrangements were agreed among the political parties forming the Government. In a way, corruption had the express and direct sanction of political participants and indirect sanction of electorates as they are essentially partisan in their mindset and incapable to send a national verdict based on performance. For this reason, when A. Raja resigned in the aftermath of 2G scam, Dravida Munnettra Kazhagam (DMK) party insisted that new incumbent would be decided by Karunanidhi, the DMK boss and not by the Prime Minister. It was against the well established constitutional arrangement where selection of council of ministers is essentially a prerogative of Prime Minister.

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Sheila ki jawani (youth of sheila). OpenStax CNX. May 25, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11295/1.36
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