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This module is the complementary teacher's guide for the "Hypothesis Testing: Two Population Means and Two Population Proportions" chapter of the Collaborative Statistics collection (col10522) by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean.

The comparison of two groups is done constantly in business, medicine, and education, to name just a few areas. You can start this chapter by asking students if they have read anything on the Internet or seen on television any studies that involve two groups. Examples include diet versus hypnotism, Bufferin® with aspirin versus Tylenol®, Pepsi Cola® versus Coca Cola®, and Kellogg's Raisin Bran® versus Post Raisin Bran®. There are hundreds of examples on the Internet, in newspapers, and in magazines.

This chapter covers independent groups for two population means and two population proportions and matched or paired samples. The module relies heavily on technology. Instructions for the TI-83/84 series of calculators are included for each example. If you and your class are interested, the formulas for the test statistics are included in the text.

Doing problems 1 - 10 in the Homework helps the students to determine what kind of hypothesis test they should perform.

Matched or paired samples

A course is designed to increase mathematical comprehension. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the course, students are given a test before and after the course. The sample data is:

Before Course 90 100 160 112 95 190 125
After Course 120 95 150 150 100 200 120

Two proportions, independent groups

Suppose in the last local election, among 240 30-45 year olds, 45% voted and among 260 46-60 year olds, 50% voted. Does the data indicate that the proportion of 30-45 year olds who voted is less than the proportion of 46-60 year olds? Test at a 1% level of significance.

    Firm a:

  • N A = 20 size 12{N rSub { size 8{A} } ="20"} {}
  • S A = $ 100 size 12{S rSub { size 8{A} } =$"100"} {} X A ¯ = $ 1500 size 12{ {overline {X rSub { size 8{A} } }} =$"1500"} {}

    Firm b:

  • N B = 22 size 12{N rSub { size 8{B} } ="22"} {}
  • S B = $ 200 size 12{S rSub { size 8{B} } =$"200"} {} X B ¯ = $ 1900 size 12{ {overline {X rSub { size 8{B} } }} =$"1900"} {}

Test the claim that the average price of Firm A's laptop is no different from the average price of Firm B's laptop.

Calculator instructions

If you use the TI83/84 series, the functions are located in STATS TESTS. The function for two proportions is 2-PropZTest, the function for two means is 2-SampTTest if the population standard deviations are not known and 2-SampZTest if the population standard deviations are known (highly unlikely). The function for matched pairs is T-test (the same test used for test of a single mean) because you combine two measurements for each object into a single set of "difference" data. For the function 2-SampTTest, answer "NO" to "Pooled."

Assign practice

Have students do the Practice 1 and Practice 2 collaboratively in class. These practices are for two proportions and two means. For matched pairs, you could have them do Example 10-7 in the text.

Assign homework

Assign Homework . Suggested homework problems: 1 - 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 23, 25, 31, 39 - 52.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collaborative statistics teacher's guide. OpenStax CNX. Oct 01, 2008 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10547/1.5
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