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For this particular chapter, the research question on which we will conduct a MANOVA will be: What is the difference in verbal aptitude among elementary reading groups? Verbal aptitude consists of Verbal 1 (inf), Verbal 2 (sim), Verbal 3 (ari), and Verbal 4 (voc).

In this example, our independent or grouping variable is elementary reading group.

By clicking on variable view, you can see how many groups of students are present in the reading group variable; the names of the groups; and the numbers which have been assigned to each group.

After clicking on Variable View, the following screen will appear: Arrows have been placed toward the name of the independent or grouping variable; toward the label assigned to this variable; and then toward the values of each group.

Now click on the cell for Reading Group Membership. Three dots will appear, indicating that another screen is beneath this one.

Click on the three dots shown in the screen above and the value and name of each of the reading groups will be shown. Our three groups are Excellent Reader (1), Good Reader (2), and Extremely Poor Reader (3).

Now that you know what your independent (grouping) variable is and your dependent variables are, it is time to determine the extent to which the dependent variable data are normally distributed. Cancel out of the screen above. Then click on data view.

Your screen should now look like the one below.

Check for Skewness and Kurtosis values falling within/without the parameters of normality (-3 to +3). To do so, you need to obtain these values for each of your three groups for each of your four dependent variables.

√ Split your file on the basis on your independent variable/fixed factor/grouping variable. To do so, click on the icon next to the scales. Holding your cursor on it will reveal Split File, as shown below.

After clicking on the split file icon, the following screen will appear: You will note that the Analyze all cases, do not create groups is checked. This value is the default for SPSS as all cases are analyzed, unless otherwise specified. To obtain measures of normality for each of the three reading groups, the Compare groups button will need to be clicked.

The screen below will appear after the Compare groups button has been clicked. Note that the Groups Based on rectangle has now become active. The independent (grouping) variable should be highlighted, as it already is, and then moved to the Groups Based on cell. After highlighting the Reading Group Membership variable, then click on the arrow below.

After clicking on the arrow, your independent variable of Reading Group Membership is now in the Groups Based on cell. Now click on OK.

Now all SPSS analyses will be calculated separately for each of the three reading groups.

√ Analyze

* Descriptive Statistics

* Frequencies

After clicking on frequencies, the following screen should now be present. Remember that the dependent variables in this example are Verbal 1 through Verbal 4 (i.e., inf, ari, voc)

Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Calculating advanced statistics. OpenStax CNX. Aug 18, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11346/1.1
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