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Therefore, it is a characteristic of a gas that the molecules are far apart from one another. In addition, thelower the density of the gas the farther apart the molecules must be, since the same number of molecules occupies a larger volume atlower density.

We reinforce this conclusion by noting that liquids and solids are virtually incompressible, whereas gases areeasily compressed. This is easily understood if the molecules in a gas are very far apart from one another, in contrast to the liquidand solid where the molecules are so close as to be in contact with one another.

We add this conclusion to the observations in and that the pressure exerted by a gas depends only on the number of particles in the gas and is independent of the typeof particles in the gas, provided that the density is low enough. This requires that the gas particles be far enough apart. Weconclude that the Ideal Gas Law holds true because there is sufficient distance between the gas particles that the identity ofthe gas particles becomes irrelevant.

Why should this large distance be required? If gas particle A were far enough away from gas particle B that theyexperience no electrical or magnetic interaction, then it would not matter what types of particles A and B were. Nor would it matterwhat the sizes of particles A and B were. Finally, then, we conclude from this reasoning that the validity of the ideal gas lawrests of the presumption that there are no interactions of any type between gas particles.

Postulates of the kinetic molecular theory

We recall at this point our purpose in these observations. Our primary concern in this study is attempting torelate the properties of individual atoms or molecules to the properties of mass quantities of the materials composed of theseatoms or molecules. We now have extensive quantitative observations on some specific properties of gases, and we proceed with the taskof relating these to the particles of these gases.

By taking an atomic molecular view of a gas, we can postulate that the pressure observed is a consequence of thecollisions of the individual particles of the gas with the walls of the container. This presumes that the gas particles are in constantmotion. The pressure is, by definition, the force applied per area, and there can be no other origin for a force on the walls of thecontainer than that provided by the particles themselves. Furthermore, we observe easily that the pressure exerted by the gasis the same in all directions. Therefore, the gas particles must be moving equally in all directions, implying quite plausibly that themotions of the particles are random.

To calculate the force generated by these collisions, we must know something about the motions of the gasparticles so that we know, for example, each particle’s velocity upon impact with the wall. This is too much to ask: thereare perhaps 10 20 particles or more, and following the path of each particle is out of the question. Therefore, we seek a model whichpermits calculation of the pressure without this information.

Questions & Answers

how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, General chemistry ii. OpenStax CNX. Mar 25, 2005 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10262/1.2
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