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  • Asset Management includes: Safe guarding of Assets; Annual Stock Takes; Board of Survey and if necessary Board of Enquiry
  • Reporting must include as a minimum requirement: Monthly Budget Variance; Monthly Income and Expenditure to the Circuit Office; Quarterly Income and Expenditure AND Budget Variance to the Education District Office; Audited Annual Financial Statements to the Provincial Head Office

Corporate governance

The King Report on Corporate Governance made recommendations relating to corporate governance and ethical standards for South African entities and included a set of guidelines and principles for good governance. Compliance with the King Report should be an integral part of the modus operandi of all public sector institutions. The King 2 Report incorporated, inter alia, recommendations on a Code of Corporate Practice and Conduct applicable to all public institutions – the focus was on the functions, duties and responsibilities of governors to ensure effective governance of their institutions (schools). The “King Code” includes four basic principles namely fairness, accountability, responsibility and transparency. Corporate governance therefore describes the overall management of the institution and the King Report states that corporate governance should form the basis of financial management in the public sector. Fakie in Van Wyk (2004; 413) supports the views of the King Report by stating that corporate governance deals with controls, decision making and structures for accountability that will assist in ensuring that the objectives of sound financial management practices are achieved. One of the objectives of corporate governance is to ensure that public service entities (including schools) deliver services in an efficient, effective and economical way.

Van Wyk (2004; 414) adapted states that the implementation of sound corporate governance and financial management principles is hindered due to various managerial shortcomings which include but are not limited to:

  • a lack of skilled and qualified staff
  • responsibilities not being clearly defined
  • a lack of knowledge of the PFMA
  • a lack of training
  • a lack of structured policies and procedures
  • existing systems not supporting the requirements of the PFMA
  • outdated accounting and information systems
  • inadequate control systems
  • the poor flow of documentation and information
  • non integration between budgets and strategies

Van Wyk goes on to state that the above shortcomings can be grouped into three broad categories: (i) inadequate and unknowledgeable staff; (ii) poor integration of budgets and strategies and (iii) outdated control and reporting systems and suggests that financial management will only be effective if: (i) line managers are competent and committed; (ii) outcomes based budgeting is applied and (iii) accrual-based reporting is introduced into the public sector. Wheeler in Van Wyk (2004; 415) emphasises the need to find solutions to one of the most pressing needs in South Africa – an honest and sound financial system. Van Wyk (2004; 415) concludes by stating: “With a few exceptions financial administration in the public sector is not a pretty sight due to a lack of up-to-date technology, financial restraints, inadequate financial training and poor internal control systems.”

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
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SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
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s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Cied
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what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
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Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Financial management of schools. OpenStax CNX. Nov 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11137/1.1
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