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Institutions might (initially) prioritise administrative software over pedagogically inspired technology and resources. Learners the reverse, and educators needboth. FLOSS packages for both of these functions are gradually being integrated.

Efforts to localise software may lead to redesign and development of completely new systems after analysing the local needs.

Creating one’s own educational resources, relevant to the local context, may prove easier and more effective than re-using resources obtained from elsewhere.

Priorities may be viewed from a global level. For example, FLOSS and open content show great promise towards the “Education for All” goal ( UNESCO and others), and are key enablers towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals .

A3. what are the motivators and barriers to floss adoption?


In South Africa, after some lobbying by technical people with an understanding of the broader implications, the motivation for FLOSS adoption in government wasdriven top-down. The intention is to release funds previously earmarked for software licensing for use in capacity development and for addressing other development needs, while developingthe local ICT industries and effecting self-determination (at least in terms of the software we use). The following documents were produced as part of the process:

  • 2002 Open Software&Open Standards in South Africa: A Critical Issue for Addressing the Digital Divide (External Link)
  • 2003 Using open source software in the South African government: a proposed strategy compiled by the Government Information Technology Officers’ Council (External Link)
  • 2004 Free/Libre and Open Source Software and Open Standards in South Africa: A Critical Issue for Addressing the Digital Divide (External Link)
  • 2005 Declaration on the South African National Strategy on Free and Open Source Software and Open Content (“National Open Source Strategy”) (External Link)
  • 2007 Policy on Free and Open Source Software use for South African government (External Link)

However, some government departments have gone ahead of this process and conducted partial FLOSS migrations of their own. I expect this type of “do what isneeded” will continue with innovative individuals leading in response to the needs of the communities they serve.

Motivation at other levels typically relate to improved software development processes, greater flexibility and reduced licensing costs.

A key motivator implicit in this posting is to do the right thing.


The barriers to FLOSS adoption were discussed previously (see posting by Pat Masson). More generally, in terms of participation in the knowledge society, using currenttechnology, there are several building blocks which reflect part of the challenge we face for maximum impact:

  1. Basic literacy - learn to read, ideally in one’s own language.
  2. Computer literacy - e.g. mouse, keyboard, files and folders, …, or the equivalent features on a cell phone, etc.
  3. Using office software - for employability.
  4. Content (co-)creation - localisation and creation of multimedia knowledge resources.
  5. Sharing resources.
  6. Engaging in decision making processes at higher levels.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collaborative learning and the open educational resource movement. OpenStax CNX. Apr 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10693/1.1
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