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Foreword

I am pleased to commend Our Cultural Commonwealth to what I hope will be the many readers who will findin the report a vision of the future and a guide to realizing that future.

One role of the American Council of Learned Societies is to convene scholars and institutional leaders toconsider challenges important to the advancement of humanistic studies in all fields. The effective and efficient implementationof digital technologies is precisely such a challenge. It is increasingly evident that new intellectual strategies are emergingin response to the power of digital technologies to support the creation of humanistic knowledge. Innovative forms of writing andimage creation proliferate in arts and letters, with many new works accessible and understood only through digital media. Scholars areincreasingly dependent on sophisticated systems for the creation, curation, and preservation of information. In 2004, therefore, ACLSasked John Unsworth, Dean of the Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, tochair a Commission on Cyberinfrastructure in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Dean Unsworth selected the other members of theCommission and its advisers, who worked with dedication and determination. The analysis and recommendations of this report aretheirs, but the responsibility for grappling with the issues they present lies with the wider community of scholarship andeducation.

The convergence of advances in digital technology and humanistic scholarship is not new. Indeed, thispublication is at least the sixth major report focused on technology and scholarship in the humanities and interpretivesocial sciences issued by our Council.

Herbert C. Morton and Anne J. Price, The ACLS Survey of Scholars: The Final Report of Views on Publications,Computers, and Libraries (Washington: University Press of America, 1989). Herbert C. Morton et al, Writings on Scholarly Communication:An Annotated Bibliography of Books and Articles on Publishing, Libraries, Scholarly Research, and Related Issues (University Pressof America, 1988). Scholarly Communication: The Report of the National Enquiry, (John Hopkins University Press, 1979).“Computerized Research in the Humanities,” ACLS Newsletter, Special Supplement, June 1966. Pamela Pavliscak, Seamus Ross, and CharlesHenry, “Information Technology in Humanities Scholarship: Achievements, Prospects, and Challenges—The United StatesFocus,”ACLS Occasional Paper #37,1997.
In 1965, ACLS began a program of providing fellowships to scholars whose projectsexperimented with “computer aided research in the humanities.” A forty-year-old statement of that program’s purpose remainsconvincing: “Of course computers should be used by scholars in the humanities, just as microscopes should be used by scientists. . .[t]he facts and patterns that they—and often they alone—can revealshould be viewed not as the definitive answers to the questions that humanists have been asking, but rather as the occasion for awhole range of new and more penetrating and more exciting questions.”
Charles Blitzer, “This Wonderful Machine: Some Thoughts on the Computer and the Humanities,” ACLS Newsletter,Vol. XVII, April 1966, No. 4.
For the past forty years increasing numbers of individual scholars have validated andre-validated that assertion. We now have arrived at the point, however, where we cannot rely on individual enterprise alone. Thisreport is therefore primarily concerned not with the technological innovations that now suffuse academia, but rather withinstitutional innovations that will allow digital scholarship to be cumulative, collaborative, and synergistic.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
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