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Critical reception of the sphinx

As already observed, publication of The Sphinx was held up for the best part of a year, in part because of the attention given by Mathews and Lane to Salome and The Yellow Book , but perhaps also because of some reticence on the part of the publishers as well as by Ricketts’s efforts, whilst engaged on The Sphinx , to illustrate, print, and privately publish an edition of Hero and Leander , by Christopher Marlowe and George Chapman. When the book was eventually published in June 1894, The Sphinx appeared on either 8 June 1894 (Nelson The Early Nineties , 322; A Checklist , 59) or 11 June 1894 (Mason, Bibliography , 394) as a large octavo, measuring 8 ½ inches by 6 ¾ inches, printed on unbleachedlaid paper watermarked “Unbleached Arnold,” priced at two guineas. Fifty copies were exported to Copeland and Day for sale in America (Nelson, The Early Nineties , 311 and 322). According to Mason, “The agents for the book in America, Messrs. Copeland and Day, of Boston,having drawn the attention of the London publishers to the fact that The Sphinx did not bear the imprint of the Boston firm, a special label was designed by Charles Ricketts for insertion in thecopies for sale in the United States of America” ( Bibliography , 394). Later in the year, an additional twenty-five large-paper copies were issued, measuring 10 inches by 7 ½ inches,printed on handmade paper watermarked “Unbleached Arnold (Ruskin),” with Copeland and Day’s imprint appearing alongside Mathews and Lane’s on the titlepage. These were priced at five guineas in England and thirty dollars in America. Owing to the larger format, Ricketts’s cover designs were extendedvertically by approximately one inch for the large-paper issue. It is not known how many of the large-paper copies were exported to America. There exists someuncertainty about the size of the edition where the small-paper copies are concerned. The book’s statement of limitation states merely, “the edition ofthis book is limited for England to 200 copies,” and Mason too mentions this figure (though he underestimates the number of small-paper copies shipped toAmerica when he writes “besides the 200 copies for sale in England, fifty additional copies were printed for the Press and for sale in America” [ Bibliography , 394]). The publisher’s announcement ofAugust 1894 (see Mason, Bibliography , 394) states “250 copies.” It was common practice, then as now, to hold back somecopies for the author’s and publishers’ private use, and though the number of such copies cannot now be determined with accuracy, eight presentation copiesare known to exist inscribed with Wilde’s signature. Intriguingly, the BodleyHead’s stock inventory of 30 June 1894 (Nelson The Early Nineties , 322) lists a print run of 303 small-paper copies, as well as domestic sales of just 81 copies prior to the end of June, with another128 copies standing unbound in quires. Clearly the book was not “subscribed for before publication,” as Wilde had hoped when agreeing to publishing terms( Complete Letters , 533), and almost as certainly a large number of copies remained unsold by the time of Wilde’simprisonment, only to be accidentally destroyed in a fire at the Ballantyne Press in 1899 “with the result that The Sphinx is not only the most splendid of Ricketts’s early books, but also the rarest” (Calloway, 16). copies did fall into the “gutter” of English journalism, despite Wilde’s own wishes, where the book met withgenerally hostile—though not unperceptive—reactions. After making the already- quoted remark about the “cynical humour” to be found in Wilde’s “writing such apoem…in the meter of In Memoriam ,” The Athenaeum commented only that “admirers of some of Oscar Wilde’s previously published poems…will not welcomethis poem” (“Unsigned Review,” 171). The poem’s gorgeousness of diction disguised a “poverty of motive,” remarked the Athenaeum ’s anonymous reviewer; and while the poem’s meter was “handled” with “skilfulness,” and its lines possessed an “easy flowand sonorousness,” the poem showed obvious defects such as “the too frequent use of the word `paramour’ or the employment of ‘curious’ in a somewhat precioussense” (“Unsigned Review,” 171). The Pall Mall Budget was more biting: “the keen olfactory nerves of the Nonconformist conscience would not…find it difficult” to “scent” the “meaningunderlying Mr. Wilde’s poem,” remarked the Budget ’s anonymous reviewer (“The City of Books,” 164-65), implying by this elliptical remark that the “meaning underlying”Wilde’s poem was decadent, presumably sexual, and offensive to conventional taste. Or again, “it will be interesting to watch the effect of this poem on theeminently respectable newspapers” (“The City of Books,” 166). But despite these strictures, the Budget ’s reviewer went on, the poem’s “motive is mainly important as affording Mr. Wilde a theme for thedisplay, in a sort of processional, of beautiful words strangely shaped and coloured” (“The City of Books,” 165). Meaning was a secondary consideration tothe poem’s “beautiful sound”: “How many of us, I wonder, know the nature of 'rods of oreichalch’ [or of ]… 'samite’?” (“The City of Books,” 164). For the Pall Mall Budget , the unintelligibility of Wilde’s language “serves…all the more to give that sense of mysterious luxury atwhich Mr. Wilde is aiming” (“The City of Books,” 164).

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, The sphinx. OpenStax CNX. Apr 11, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11196/1.2
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