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Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. (credit "background": modification of work by Nattachai Noogure; credit "top left": modification of work by U.S. Navy; credit "top middle-left": modification of work by Peter Shanks; credit "top middle-right": modification of work by "devinf"/Flickr; credit "top right": modification of work by Alejandra Quintero Sinisterra; credit "bottom left": modification of work by Gabriel Rocha; credit "bottom middle-left": modification of work by Caleb Roenigk; credit "bottom middle-right": modification of work by Staffan Scherz; credit "bottom right": modification of work by Czech Provincial Reconstruction Team)

Clive Wearing is an accomplished musician who lost his ability to form new memories when he became sick at the age of 46. While he can remember how to play the piano perfectly, he cannot remember what he ate for breakfast just an hour ago (Sacks, 2007). James Wannerton experiences a taste sensation that is associated with the sound of words. His former girlfriend’s name tastes like rhubarb (Mundasad, 2013). John Nash is a brilliant mathematician and Nobel Prize winner. However, while he was a professor at MIT, he would tell people that the New York Times contained coded messages from extraterrestrial beings that were intended for him. He also began to hear voices and became suspicious of the people around him. Soon thereafter, Nash was diagnosed with schizophrenia and admitted to a state-run mental institution (O’Connor&Robertson, 2002). Nash was the subject of the 2001 movie A Beautiful Mind . Why did these people have these experiences? How does the human brain work? And what is the connection between the brain’s internal processes and people’s external behaviors? This textbook will introduce you to various ways that the field of psychology has explored these questions.

References

American Board of Forensic Psychology. (2014). Brochure . Retrieved from http://www.abfp.com/brochure.asp

American Psychological Association. (2014). Retrieved from www.apa.org

American Psychological Association. (2014). Graduate training and career possibilities in exercise and sport psychology. Retrieved from http://www.apadivisions.org/division-47/about/resources/training.aspx?item=1

American Psychological Association. (2011). Psychology as a career. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/education/undergrad/psych-career.aspx

Ashliman, D. L. (2001). Cupid and Psyche. In Folktexts: A library of folktales, folklore, fairy tales, and mythology. Retrieved from http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/cupid.html

Betancourt, H.,&López, S. R. (1993). The study of culture, ethnicity, and race in American psychology. American Psychologist , 48 , 629–637.

Black, S. R., Spence, S. A.,&Omari, S. R. (2004). Contributions of African Americans to the field of psychology. Journal of Black Studies , 35 , 40–64.

Bulfinch, T. (1855). The age of fable: Or, stories of gods and heroes . Boston, MA: Chase, Nichols and Hill.

Buss, D. M. (1989). Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences , 12 , 1–49.

Test PDF eBook: 
Neuropsychology Midterm
Download Neuropsychology Test PDF eBook
54 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Neuropsychology Midterm Test

Question: This theory suggests that logical forces, such as matter in motion, determine brain-behavior functions.

Choices:

materialism

vitalism

trepination

cell doctrine

Question: this person was responsible for the theory that said the brain just cooled the warm blood coming from the heart

Choices:

galen, cell doctrine

descartes, cardiac hypothesis

aristotle, cell doctrine

hippocrates, cardiac hypothesis

Question: This person was the first to realize the contralateral control of brain

Choices:

Galen

Descartes

Aristotle

Hippocrates

Question: This person believed that the ventricles of brain are where all mental processes take place which is called _______.

Choices:

Galen, cell doctrine

descarted, cardiac hypothesis

aristotle, cell doctrine

hippocrates, cardiac hypothesis

Question: Neuropsychology is the study of _________

Choices:

the brain

brain-behavior relationships

nature

Question: Luria says each area of the nervous system is involved in one of 3 functional units, what are the three sections of the nervous system and what are the three functional units they correspond to.

Choices:

brainstem, arousal and muscle tone posterior area, executive panning frontal/prefontal, sensory/processing

brainstem, sensory/processing posterior, arousal and muscle tone frontal/prefontal, executive planning

brainstem, arousal and muscle tone posterior areas, sensory/processing frontal/prefrontal, executive planning

Question: This area is found in the frontal lobe and plays an important role in speech

Choices:

brocas area

lurias area

wernickes area

vesalius area

Question: This is an ancient surgical operations that involves cutting, scraping, chiseling, or drilling a pluglike piece of bone from the skull

Choices:

trephination

localization

phrenology

aphasia

Question: This person found the area of the brain in the temporal lobe that has to do with understanding language.

Choices:

Paul Broca

Luria

Muriel Lezak

Carl Wernicke

Question: This theory suggests that many behaviors, such as thinking, are only partly controlled by mechanical or logical forces

Choices:

materialism

trepination

vitalism

cell doctrine

Question: This person said the heart controlled everything

Choices:

galen

descartes

aristotle

hippocrates

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