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Schematic diagram of a MPMSR. Adapted from L. Fagaly, Review of Scientific Instruments , 2006, 77 , 101101.

The use of a variable temperature insert can allow measurements to be made over a wide range 1.8–400 K. Typically, the sample temperature is controlled by helium gas flowing slowly past the sample. The temperature of this gas is regulated using a heater located below the sample measuring region and a thermometer located above the sample region. This arrangement ensures that the entire region has reached thermal equilibrium prior to data acquisition. The helium gas is obtained from normal evaporation in the Dewar, and its flow rate is controlled by a precision regulating valve.

Signal output of an MPMS. Adapted from L. Fagaly, Review of Scientific Instruments , 2006, 77 , 101101.

Procedures when using an mpms


The magnetic moment calibration for the SQUID is determined by measuring a palladium standard over a range of magnetic fields and then by adjusting to obtain the correct moment for the standard. The palladium standard samples are effectively point sources with an accuracy of approximately 0.1%.

Sample mounting considerations

The type, size and geometry of a sample is usually sufficient to determine the method you use to attach it to the sample. However mostly for MPMS measurements a plastic straw is used. This is due to the straw having minimal magnetic susceptibility.

However there are a few important considerations for the sample holder design when mounting a sample for measurement in a magnetometer. The sample holder can be a major contributor to the background signal. Its contribution can be minimized by choosing materials with low magnetic susceptibility and by keeping the mass to a minimum such as a plastic straw mentioned above.

The materials used to hold a sample must perform well over the temperature range to be used. In a MPMS, the geometric arrangement of the background and sample is critical when their magnetic susceptibilities will be of similar magnitude. Thus, the sample holder should optimize the sample’s positioning in the magnetometer. A sample should be mounted rigidly in order to avoid excess sample motion during measurement. A sample holder should also allow easy access for mounting the sample, and its background contribution should be easy to measure. This advisory introduces some mounting methods and discusses some of the more important considerations when mounting samples for the MPMS magnetometer. Keep in mind that these are only recommendations, not guaranteed procedures. The researcher is responsible for assuring that the methods and materials used will meet experimental requirements.

Sample mounts

Platform mounting

For many types of samples, mounting to a platform is the most convenient method. The platform’s mass and susceptibility should be as small as possible in order to minimize its background contribution and signal distortion.

Plastic disc

A plastic disc about 2 mm thick with an outside diameter equivalent to the pliable plastic tube’s diameter (a clear drinking straw is suitable) is inserted and twisted into place. The platform should be fairly rigid. Mount samples onto this platform with glue. Place a second disc, with a diameter slightly less than the inside diameter of the tube and with the same mass, on top of the sample to help provide the desired symmetry. Pour powdered samples onto the platform and place a second disc on top. The powders will be able to align with the field. Make sure the sample tube is capped and ventilated.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
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Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply

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