<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Numerous schemes have been devised to synthesize magnetite nanoparticles (nMag). The different methods of nMag synthesis can be generally grouped as aqueous or non-aqueous according to the solvents used. Two of the most widely used and explored methods for nMag synthesis are the aqueous co-precipitation method and the non-aqueous thermal decomposition method.

The co-precipitation method of nMag synthesis consists of precipitation of Fe 3 O 4 (nMag) by addition of a strong base to a solution of Fe 2+ and Fe 3+ salts in water. This method is very simple, inexpensive and produces highly crystalline nMag. The general size of nMag produced by co-precipitation is in the 15 to 50 nm range and can be controlled by reaction conditions, however a large size distribution of nanoparticles is produced by this method. Aggregation of particles is also observed with aqueous methods.

The thermal decomposition method consists of the high temperature thermal decomposition of an iron-oleate complex derived from an iron precursor in the presence of surfactant in a high boiling point organic solvent under an inert atmosphere. For the many variations of this synthetic method many different solvents and surfactants are used. However, in most every method nMag is formed through the thermal decomposition of an iron-oleate complex to form highly crystalline nMag in the 5 to 40 nm range with a very small size distribution. The size of nMag produced is a function of reaction temperature, the iron to surfactant ratio, and the reaction time, and various methods are used that achieve good size control by manipulation of these parameters. The nMag synthesized by organic methods is soluble in organic solvents because the nMag is stabilized by a surfactant surface coating with the polar head group of the surfactant attached to and the hydrophobic tail extending away from the nMag ( [link] ). An example of a thermal decomposition method is shown in [link] .

Top - The reaction equation for this method shows the iron precursor = iron oxo-hydrate, surfactant = oleic acid (OA), and solvent = 1-octadecene. The intermediate iron-oleate complex which thermally decomposes to nMag is formed upon heating the reaction mixture to the 320 °C reaction temperature. Bottom - TEM images showing size control by reaction time (time decreases left to right, constant molar ratio Fe:OA = 1:4 mol, and constant reaction temp T = 320 °C) and small size distribution of nMag. Right - Cartoon of surfactant coated nMag.

Bibliography

  • A. Vioux, Chem. Mater. , 1997, 9 , 2292.

Questions & Answers

a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
how did I we'll learn this
Noor Reply
f(x)= 2|x+5| find f(-6)
Prince Reply
f(n)= 2n + 1
Samantha Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply

Get the best Nanomaterials and nano... course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Nanomaterials and nanotechnology. OpenStax CNX. May 07, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10700/1.13
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Nanomaterials and nanotechnology' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask