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4 3 2 1 24

This can be represented by 4! (read “four factorial”).

4 4 3 2 1 24

Factorials

The exclamation symbol after a natural number indicates to multiple a series of descending natural numbers from n to 1 .

n n n-1 n-2 ... 1
0!=1

Suppose that we have five members on a committee.

  1. If there are two positions on the committee of president and vice president, how many different ways could the positions be filled?
  2. If there are five positions on the committee, how many different ways could you fill the five positions?

  1. There are 20 different ways to fill the position of president and vice president. There are five members to choose from for the first position and if we choose a member to be president, we now have four members to choose from for the next position.

    5 4 20

  2. 5 = 5 4 3 2 1 120

Using ti-83,83+,84,84+ calculator

Use [link] with these instructions.

  • Enter 5.
  • Press MATH.
  • Arrow across to PRB.
  • Press ENTER.
  • Arrow down the list to 4:!
  • Press ENTER.

20 students have volunteered to be class representatives (reps).

  1. If the teacher randomly selects two students to be class representatives, how many groups of two can be formed?
  2. If the teacher randomly selects four students to be class representatives, how many groups of four can be formed?
  3. If the teacher selects all 20 students to be class representatives and each one is assigned to a group of students, how many different ways can theclass representatives be assigned?

  1. 20 19 380
  2. 20 19 18 17 116280
  3. 20

Let’s look again at the example of hanging pictures along a wall. Suppose you decide that you are only going to hang two of the pictures in a row. We saw that if we choose one picture to hang first, we are now left with three choices of pictures for the next position on the wall. Using the multiplicative rule, there are 43 = 12 possible arrangements of pictures for the first two positions on the wall.

There are four different pictures and we are selecting only two and arranging them in a specific order. This is known as a permutation .

Permutation

Permutation is the arrangements of r elements in a different order chosen from n distinct available items. Below are different ways that a permutation can be represented.Insert paragraph text here.

P r n n n P r n n r n n 1 n n 2 ... n r 1

For the picture example, there are four pictures ( n = 4) and we are selecting two pictures ( r = 2) and arranging them in a specific order. Using the multiplication rule, we have seen that the answer is 12. Using permutation, we can see that we get the same result.

P 2 4 n 4 P 2 4 4 2 4 2 4 3 2 1 2 1 4 3 12

There are 4! different ways of arranging the four pictures on the wall. We divide by the number of ways of arranging the items that are not selected because we only care about the arrangement of the items selected.

There are 4! different ways of arranging the four pictures on the wall. We divide by the number of ways of arranging the items that are not selected because we only care about the arrangement of the items selected.

For example, let’s label the pictures A , B , C and D . If we write out the sample space for arranging 4 pictures along a wall, we get the sample space

Questions & Answers

a perfect square v²+2v+_
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kkk nice
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algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
y=10×
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if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
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rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
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Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
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No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
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is it 3×y ?
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J, combine like terms 7x-4y
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im not good at math so would this help me
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how did I we'll learn this
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f(x)= 2|x+5| find f(-6)
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f(n)= 2n + 1
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Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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preparation of nanomaterial
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Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
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can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
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how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to statistics i - stat 213 - university of calgary - ver2015revb. OpenStax CNX. Oct 21, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11874/1.3
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