Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2011 Final

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Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. (credit "background": modification of work by Nattachai Noogure; credit "top left": modification of work by U.S. Navy; credit "top middle-left": modification of work by Peter Shanks; credit "top middle-right": modification of work by "devinf"/Flickr; credit "top right": modification of work by Alejandra Quintero Sinisterra; credit "bottom left": modification of work by Gabriel Rocha; credit "bottom middle-left": modification of work by Caleb Roenigk; credit "bottom middle-right": modification of work by Staffan Scherz; credit "bottom right": modification of work by Czech Provincial Reconstruction Team)

Clive Wearing is an accomplished musician who lost his ability to form new memories when he became sick at the age of 46. While he can remember how to play the piano perfectly, he cannot remember what he ate for breakfast just an hour ago (Sacks, 2007). James Wannerton experiences a taste sensation that is associated with the sound of words. His former girlfriend’s name tastes like rhubarb (Mundasad, 2013). John Nash is a brilliant mathematician and Nobel Prize winner. However, while he was a professor at MIT, he would tell people that the New York Times contained coded messages from extraterrestrial beings that were intended for him. He also began to hear voices and became suspicious of the people around him. Soon thereafter, Nash was diagnosed with schizophrenia and admitted to a state-run mental institution (O’Connor&Robertson, 2002). Nash was the subject of the 2001 movie A Beautiful Mind . Why did these people have these experiences? How does the human brain work? And what is the connection between the brain’s internal processes and people’s external behaviors? This textbook will introduce you to various ways that the field of psychology has explored these questions.

References

American Board of Forensic Psychology. (2014). Brochure . Retrieved from http://www.abfp.com/brochure.asp

American Psychological Association. (2014). Retrieved from www.apa.org

American Psychological Association. (2014). Graduate training and career possibilities in exercise and sport psychology. Retrieved from http://www.apadivisions.org/division-47/about/resources/training.aspx?item=1

American Psychological Association. (2011). Psychology as a career. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/education/undergrad/psych-career.aspx

Ashliman, D. L. (2001). Cupid and Psyche. In Folktexts: A library of folktales, folklore, fairy tales, and mythology. Retrieved from http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/cupid.html

Betancourt, H.,&López, S. R. (1993). The study of culture, ethnicity, and race in American psychology. American Psychologist , 48 , 629–637.

Black, S. R., Spence, S. A.,&Omari, S. R. (2004). Contributions of African Americans to the field of psychology. Journal of Black Studies , 35 , 40–64.

Bulfinch, T. (1855). The age of fable: Or, stories of gods and heroes . Boston, MA: Chase, Nichols and Hill.

Buss, D. M. (1989). Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences , 12 , 1–49.

This course is a survey of the scientific study of human nature, including how the mind works, and how the brain supports the mind. Topics include the mental and neural bases of perception, emotion, learning, memory, cognition, child development, personality, psychopathology, and social interaction. Students will consider how such knowledge relates to debates about nature and nurture, free will, consciousness, human differences, self, and society.
Exam PDF eBook: 
Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2011 Final
Download Psychology2011 Final Exam PDF eBook
45 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2011 Final Exam

Question: Which is NOT true about measures of personality?

Choices:

their stability increases with age

personality traits, according to twin studies, are about 50% heritable

conscientiousness appears to diminish risk of Alzheimer's disease

children are more similar to an adoptive sibling than to any randomly selected unrelated child

Question: Theory of mind research has reported which findings?

Choices:

maturation of theory of mind occurs earlier in interdependent than independent cultures, earlier in children with older siblings, and later in autism

maturation of theory of mind occurs earlier in interdependent than independent cultures, earlier in children with younger siblings, and later in autism

maturation of theory of mind occurs similarly in interdependent and independent cultures, earlier in children with older siblings, and later in autism

maturation of theory of mind occurs similarly in interdependent and independent cultures, earlier in children with younger siblings, and later in autism

Question: Which brain region (1) is activated in response to physical pain, the social pain of exclusion, and the personal pain of romantic rejection, and (2) which brain region shows a relation between volume and risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Choices:

(1) hippocampus; (2) cingulate cortex

(1) cingulate cortex; (2) hippocampus

(1) amygdala; (2) cingulate cortex

(1) cingulate cortex; (2) amygdala

Question: A survey of 5,000 young adults, ages 19-25, revealed that

Choices:

about 80% had a psychiatric disorder in the past year, and less than 50% with a disorder sought treatment

about 10% had a psychiatric disorder in the past year, and less than 5% with a disorder sought treatment

about 50% had a psychiatric disorder in the past year, and less than 25% with a disorder sought treatment

about 50% had a psychiatric disorder in the past year, and about 1% with a disorder sought treatment

Question: Functional neuroimaging studies have revealed that activation in the frontal lobes is more _________ in older relative to younger people and that this change in older adults is associated with ________ cognitive aging.

Choices:

symmetric; successful

symmetric; unsuccessful

asymmetric; unsuccessful

asymmetric; successful

Question: The probability that if one identical (monozygotic) twin is diagnosed with schizophrenia, so will the other twin is

Choices:

90%

50%

10%

1%

Question: Adaptive physiological changes that occur in response to acute stress include all of the below EXCEPT

Choices:

suppression of immune system

suppression of growth

suppression of digestion

suppression of cardiovascular tone

Question: In one study (from Woodward, 1998), 3-month olds and 6-month olds saw repeatedly a person reach for an object (ball) on the left and not reach for a teddy bear on the right. Then, they saw a display in which the teddy bear was on the left, and the ball on the right. The person either reached for the teddy bear on the left (same action, new object) or the ball on the right (same object, new action). Looking time was used as a measure to infer how the 3-month olds and 6- month olds interpreted the relation between the initial habituation phase and the subsequent changed test phases. The results indicated

Choices:

both 3-month olds and 6-month olds looked longer when the person grabbed a new object than when the person made a new action

both 3-month olds and 6-month olds looked longer when the person made a new action than when the person grabbed a new object

6-month olds looked longer when the person made a new action, but 3-month olds looked longer when the person grabbed a new object

3-month olds looked longer when the person made a new action, but 6-month olds looked longer when the person grabbed a new object

Question: Research indicates that for a test taken in the afternoon

Choices:

introverts and extraverts perform better after consuming caffeine

introverts and extraverts perform worse after consuming caffeine

introverts perform better but extraverts perform worse after consuming caffeine

extraverts perform better but introverts perform worse after consuming caffeine

Question: The subgenual cingulate has been implicated as playing an important role in depression. Which one of the results below is FALSE?

Choices:

subgenual cingulate metabolism is reduced in depression

subgenual cingulate volume is reduced in depression

there is a reduced number of neurons in subgenual cingulate in depression

greater activation in the subgenual cingulate predicts better drug treatment outcome

Question: From age 16 to young adulthood (age 22), grey matter volume in frontal and temporal lobes _______ and white matter volume ________ .

Choices:

decreases; increases

is constant; decreases

increases; is constant

increases; decreases

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Source:  Gabrieli, John. 9.00SC Introduction to Psychology, Fall 2011. (MIT OpenCourseWare: Massachusetts Institute of Technology), http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/brain-and-cognitive-sciences/9-00sc-introduction-to-psychology-fall-2011 (Accessed 2 Mar, 2014). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
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