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Are the units for slope always units for the output units for the input ?

Yes. Think of the units as the change of output value for each unit of change in input value. An example of slope could be miles per hour or dollars per day. Notice the units appear as a ratio of units for the output per units for the input.

Calculate slope

The slope, or rate of change, of a function m can be calculated according to the following:

m = change in output (rise) change in input (run) = Δ y Δ x = y 2 y 1 x 2 x 1

where x 1 and x 2 are input values, y 1 and y 2 are output values.

Given two points from a linear function, calculate and interpret the slope.

  1. Determine the units for output and input values.
  2. Calculate the change of output values and change of input values.
  3. Interpret the slope as the change in output values per unit of the input value.

Finding the slope of a linear function

If f ( x ) is a linear function, and ( 3 , −2 ) and ( 8 , 1 ) are points on the line, find the slope. Is this function increasing or decreasing?

The coordinate pairs are ( 3 , −2 ) and ( 8 , 1 ) . To find the rate of change, we divide the change in output by the change in input.

m = change in output change in input = 1 ( −2 ) 8 3 = 3 5

We could also write the slope as m = 0.6. The function is increasing because m > 0.

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If f ( x ) is a linear function, and ( 2 , 3 ) and ( 0 , 4 ) are points on the line, find the slope. Is this function increasing or decreasing?

m = 4 3 0 2 = 1 2 = 1 2 ; decreasing because m < 0.

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Finding the population change from a linear function

The population of a city increased from 23,400 to 27,800 between 2008 and 2012. Find the change of population per year if we assume the change was constant from 2008 to 2012.

The rate of change relates the change in population to the change in time. The population increased by 27 , 800 23 , 400 = 4400 people over the four-year time interval. To find the rate of change, divide the change in the number of people by the number of years.

4,400 people 4 years = 1,100  people year

So the population increased by 1,100 people per year.

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The population of a small town increased from 1,442 to 1,868 between 2009 and 2012. Find the change of population per year if we assume the change was constant from 2009 to 2012.

m = 1 , 868 1 , 442 2 , 012 2 , 009 = 426 3 = 142 people per year
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Writing and interpreting an equation for a linear function

Recall from Equations and Inequalities that we wrote equations in both the slope-intercept form    and the point-slope form    . Now we can choose which method to use to write equations for linear functions based on the information we are given. That information may be provided in the form of a graph, a point and a slope, two points, and so on. Look at the graph of the function f in [link] .

This graph shows a linear function graphed on an x y coordinate plane. The x axis is labeled from negative 2 to 8 and the y axis is labeled from negative 1 to 8. The function f is graph along the points (0, 7) and (4, 4).

We are not given the slope of the line, but we can choose any two points on the line to find the slope. Let’s choose ( 0 , 7 ) and ( 4 , 4 ) .

m = y 2 y 1 x 2 x 1 = 4 7 4 0 = 3 4

Now we can substitute the slope and the coordinates of one of the points into the point-slope form.

y y 1 = m ( x x 1 )   y 4 = 3 4 ( x 4 )

If we want to rewrite the equation in the slope-intercept form, we would find

Questions & Answers

if theta =30degree so COS2 theta = 1- 10 square theta upon 1 + tan squared theta
Martin Reply
how to compute this 1. g(1-x) 2. f(x-2) 3. g (-x-/5) 4. f (x)- g (x)
Yanah Reply
hi
John
hi
Grace
what sup friend
John
not much For functions, there are two conditions for a function to be the inverse function:   1--- g(f(x)) = x for all x in the domain of f     2---f(g(x)) = x for all x in the domain of g Notice in both cases you will get back to the  element that you started with, namely, x.
Grace
sin theta=3/4.prove that sec square theta barabar 1 + tan square theta by cosec square theta minus cos square theta
Umesh Reply
acha se dhek ke bata sin theta ke value
Ajay
sin theta ke ja gha sin square theta hoga
Ajay
I want to know trigonometry but I can't understand it anyone who can help
Siyabonga Reply
Yh
Idowu
which part of trig?
Nyemba
functions
Siyabonga
trigonometry
Ganapathi
differentiation doubhts
Ganapathi
hi
Ganapathi
hello
Brittany
Prove that 4sin50-3tan 50=1
Sudip Reply
f(x)= 1 x    f(x)=1x  is shifted down 4 units and to the right 3 units.
Sebit Reply
f (x) = −3x + 5 and g (x) = x − 5 /−3
Sebit
what are real numbers
Marty Reply
I want to know partial fraction Decomposition.
Adama Reply
classes of function in mathematics
Yazidu Reply
divide y2_8y2+5y2/y2
Sumanth Reply
wish i knew calculus to understand what's going on 🙂
Dashawn Reply
@dashawn ... in simple terms, a derivative is the tangent line of the function. which gives the rate of change at that instant. to calculate. given f(x)==ax^n. then f'(x)=n*ax^n-1 . hope that help.
Christopher
thanks bro
Dashawn
maybe when i start calculus in a few months i won't be that lost 😎
Dashawn
what's the derivative of 4x^6
Axmed Reply
24x^5
James
10x
Axmed
24X^5
Taieb
Thanks for this helpfull app
Axmed Reply
secA+tanA=2√5,sinA=?
richa Reply
tan2a+tan2a=√3
Rahulkumar
classes of function
Yazidu
if sinx°=sin@, then @ is - ?
NAVJIT Reply
the value of tan15°•tan20°•tan70°•tan75° -
NAVJIT

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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