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Donna J. Dean's presentation.

Strategic directions

  • Advocacy&Public Education
  • Promoting Institutional Change and Best Practices
  • Career Development
The cover of the book 'Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering' from the National Academy of Science, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. We have “a system that claims to reward based on merit but instead rewards traits such as assertiveness that are socially less acceptable for women.” ( BEYOND BIAS AND BARRIERS Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering. Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy National Academies of Sciences. 2006.)

A field full of sheep. image -->

Criteria for success

  • Number of collaborations
  • Number of grad students and postdocs
  • Number of invited talks
  • Amount of funding
  • Numbers of grants
  • Numbers of publications (most important)

A mouse with a helmet contemplates a piece of cheese on a trap.

Tools that can help us

A female construction worker.

  • Self Analysis
  • Networking
  • Mentoring
  • Coaching

Self analysis




Of pipelines and glass ceilings

A cover of Science entitled 'The Pipeline Problem'. A cover of Science entitled 'Women in Science'.

Critical elements

  1. Pipeline
    • Mentoring is NOT cloning!
    • Glass ceilings and sticky floors
  2. Climate
    • The general workplace
    • The scientific workplace
      • Administration
      • Scientists
      • Scientist-Administrators
  3. Unconscious bias
    • “We have an evolutionary predisposition to dwell on differences.”
    • Subtle gender bias and social expectations
    • “Different from”, not “better than”
    • “Move up, reach down”
    • ( Source: Elizabeth Spielke, Harvard )
    • “Unconscious discrimination arises due to deep seated habits that will be very hard to change - our selection procedures tend to select not only for talents that are directly relevant to success in science but also for assertiveness and single mindedness . . . . qualities that are at best very indirectly related to being a good scientist and that clash with cultural pressures.”
    • ( Source: Howard Georgi, Harvard )
  4. Balancing personal life and work
    • Seriously reconsider assumptions about what successful individuals’ careers are supposed to look like
    • Women follow less direct paths/different sequences of positions in a different spirit
    • Some evidence that productivity occurs later in women’s careers than male counterparts
  5. Community and culture
    • “Culture eats strategy for lunch”
    • ( Source: Mark Bard, management guru )
“I like the dreams of the future better than the history of the past.” (Thomas Jefferson) A man studies the plans of a labyrinth, which is being built before him.
A woman hold up a magnet, which students reading books are flying to. Encourage women to become connected to a large community that encourages, sustains and supports them in their careers. Work with students to foster a more supportive and favorable climate for all.

Every person’s bill of rights

  • The right to be treated with respect.
  • The right to have and express our own feelings.
  • The right to be listened to and taken seriously.
  • The right to set our priorities.
  • The right to say “no” without feeling guilty.

A scale balances a pot at the end of the rainbow against a half full glass.

It isn't just science!

  • Of the 2000 plays performed in 2001-2002 season, only 17% were by women writers.
  • Fewer than 1% of orchestral performances in 2002-2003 represented works by women.
  • What is the Fund for Women Artists working to do?
    • Transform social stereotypes in the arts
    • Empower female artists
    • Increase opportunities

Construction crews stare confusedly at each other from across a gap in a bridge that's been built out over the water from both sides. Unfortunately, the two sides are misaligned by about one car length.

A diverse group of people surrounds an atom.

Bumper-to-bumper traffic jam.

A confused woman stands before a signpost pointed all four ways.

A traffic signal with dozens of lights pointing in all directions.


  • Acquiring the requisite credentials
  • Recognizing opportunities
  • Learning from mistakes and missteps
  • Dealing with own biases and misconceptions
  • Developing a sense of one’s career directions and timing
  • Selecting appropriate role models
  • Meshing one’s values with the workplace
  • Balancing the pieces of one’s life
  • Creating opportunities for others
  • Knowing when to move on
  • Calculated risk-taking
A chemist at her desk examining test tubes. I look back upon my youth and realize how so many people gave me help, understanding, courage. . . very important things to me and they never knew it. They entered into my life and became powers within me.   All of us live spiritually by what others have given us, often unwittingly, in the significant hours of our life. At the time these significant hours may not even be perceived. We may not recognize them until years later when we look back, as one remembers some long-ago music or a boyhood landscape.” (Albert Schweitzer)

Wrong way sign.

Life balance and career in context

Three circles, entitled career, personal life, and community, overlapping.

Three circles, entitled career, personal life, and community, overlapping nearly completely.

Three circles, entitled career, personal life, and community, not overlapping.

Chinese proverb: 'Tension is who you think you should be. Relaxation is who you are'.

A professor carefully marks a giant X through a colleague's work on a chalkboard.

  • Condescending chivalry
  • Supportive discouragement
  • Friendly harassment
  • Radiant devaluation
  • Benevolent exploitation
  • Considerate domination
  • Collegial exclusion
  • ( Source: Gender, Work, and Medicine, NEJM 331:60 7/7/1994 )

So, what's a woman to do?

A close up of a woman's face as she examines a test tube. A woman sits at a table with her head in her hands.

In the midst of some sophisticated equations on a board stands 'Then a miracle occurs...'

'survival kit' for life

  • to help you separate fact from untruths
  • to remind you to be flexible
  • so you don’t let your feelings get hurt
  • to jot down why you have chosen your career
  • so you learn that mistakes are okay
  • to help you screen out background and distractions
  • because you have to stick with it
  • to remind you of your self worth, you are worth a mint to your organization
  • because you have to like yourself first – and because it’s chocolate!
Life is too short not to do what you love. Be open to the possibilities that will come your way unexpectedly. (Jerome Hines)

What does all this mean?

The lens you peer through determines the view you see and what you describe to others.
A rainbow spreads behind a beaker containing the Earth. Diverse faces peer out of a skyscraper.

“Remember that when you leave this earth, you can take with you nothing that you have received – only what you have given; a full heart enriched by honest service, love, sacrifice and courage.” (St. Francis of Assisi)

A cat walks past a line of German Shepherd polic dogs.

One half of a building says 'Optimists' Club: Open Mornings'. The other half says 'Pessimists' Club: Closed Afternoons'.

A polar bear sliding on his back next to a 'watch for ice' sign.

Four little words that can change the world: You can do it! Kids cheering.

Career trees (not ladders)
Many branches can lead to success

Two owls in a tree.

“Whom the gods wish to destroy, they give unlimited resources.” (Twyla Tharp, choreographer)

A picture taken with a scanning electron microscope.


  • Rutgers University
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • University of Cincinnati
  • Tulane University
  • Florida Atlantic University
  • University of Houston
  • New Mexico State University
  • University of Southern California
  • California Institute of Technology
  • University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

National facilities

  • National Primate Research Centers
  • University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
  • Fermi Research Alliance (FRA)
  • Associated Universities, Inc. (NRAO)

Scientific organizations

  • Association of Independent Research Institutes
  • Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
  • Sea Grant Association
  • National Association of Marine Laboratories
  • Council on Social Work Education
  • Public Broadcasting Service
  • South Dakota Science and Technology Authority

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, 2008 nsf advance workshop: negotiating the ideal faculty position. OpenStax CNX. Feb 24, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10628/1.3
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