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These learning objects explain constructors, which are used to create and initialize objects in Java.

Learning objects for constructors

Concept The process of creating an object involves allocating memory for the object and assigning the reference to this block of memory to a variable. Constructors enable arbitrary initialization of the object during its creation.

These source code of these learning objects can be found in constructor.zip .

LO Topic Java Files (.java) Prerequisites
"What are constructors for?" What are constructors for? Constructor01A, B, C
"Computation within constructors" Computation within constructors Constructor02 1
"Overloading constructors" Overloading constructors Constructor03 2
"Invoking an overloaded constructor from within a constructor" Invoking another constructor Constructor04 3
"Explicit default constructors" Explicit default constructors Constructor05 3
"Constructors for subclasses" Constructors for subclasses Constructor06A, B, C 3
"Constructors with object parameters" Constructors with object parameters Constructor07 3
"Constructors with subclass object parameters" Constructors with subclass
object parameters Constructor08 6, 7

Program The example used in these LOs is class Song with three fields: the name of the song, the length of the song in seconds and the pricePerSecond . The class is to be used to implement a website which charges for downloading the song; theprice is the product of the length of the song in second and the price per second. To focus the discussion on constructors, the fields are notdeclared private.

What are constructors for?

Concept An object is created by allocating memory for its fields. The fields are given the default values for their types. A reference to the object is returned and assigned to a variable; the reference can be used to access the fields and methods of the object.

Program: Constructor01B.java

// Learning Object Constructor01A //    what are constructors for?class Song {     String name;    int seconds;     double pricePerSecond;      public double computePrice() {        return seconds * pricePerSecond;     }}  public class Constructor01A {     public static void main(/*String[] args*/) {         Song song1 = new Song();        song1.name = "Waterloo";         song1.seconds = 164;        song1.pricePerSecond = 0.01;         double price = song1.computePrice();    } }

If a constructor is not explicitly declared a default constructor is called.

  • The variable song1 is allocated and contains the null value.
  • Memory is allocated for the fields of the object; this is displayed in the Instance and Array Area. Default values are assigned to the three fields.
  • The default constructor is called but does nothing except return a reference to the object.
  • The reference is stored in the variable song1 .
  • The reference in song1 is used to assign values to the fields of the object.
  • The reference in song1 is used to call the method computePrice on the object; the method computes and returns the price, which is assigned to the variable price .

Concept An explicit constructor method can be declared and used to initialize each object.The constructor method is identified by a special syntax: the name of the method is the same as the name of the class and there is no return type (because the value returned is of the type of the class itself).

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
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Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
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Yasmin
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Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
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what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
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anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
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after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Learning objects for java (with jeliot). OpenStax CNX. Dec 28, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10915/1.2
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