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A backyard deck is in the shape of an isosceles triangle with a base of 20 feet. The perimeter of the deck is 48 feet. How long is each of the equal sides of the deck?

14 ft

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A boat’s sail is an isosceles triangle with base of 8 meters. The perimeter is 22 meters. How long is each of the equal sides of the sail?

7 m

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Use the properties of trapezoids

A trapezoid    is four-sided figure, a quadrilateral , with two sides that are parallel and two sides that are not. The parallel sides are called the bases. We call the length of the smaller base b , and the length of the bigger base B . The height, h , of a trapezoid is the distance between the two bases as shown in [link] .

A trapezoid is shown. The top is labeled b and marked as the smaller base. The bottom is labeled B and marked as the larger base. A vertical line forms a right angle with both bases and is marked as h.
A trapezoid has a larger base, B , and a smaller base, b . The height h is the distance between the bases.

The formula for the area of a trapezoid is:

Area trapezoid = 1 2 h ( b + B )

Splitting the trapezoid into two triangles may help us understand the formula. The area of the trapezoid is the sum of the areas of the two triangles. See [link] .

An image of a trapezoid is shown. The top is labeled with a small b, the bottom with a big B. A diagonal is drawn in from the upper left corner to the bottom right corner.
Splitting a trapezoid into two triangles may help you understand the formula for its area.

The height of the trapezoid is also the height of each of the two triangles. See [link] .

An image of a trapezoid is shown. The top is labeled with a small b, the bottom with a big B. A diagonal is drawn in from the upper left corner to the bottom right corner. There is an arrow pointing to a second trapezoid. The upper right-hand side of the trapezoid forms a blue triangle, with the height of the trapezoid drawn in as a dotted line. The lower left-hand side of the trapezoid forms a red triangle, with the height of the trapezoid drawn in as a dotted line.

The formula for the area of a trapezoid is

This image shows the formula for the area of a trapezoid and says “area of trapezoid equals one-half h times smaller base b plus larger base B).

If we distribute, we get,

The top line says area of trapezoid equals one-half times blue little b times h plus one-half times red big B times h. Below this is area of trapezoid equals A sub blue triangle plus A sub red triangle.

Properties of trapezoids

  • A trapezoid has four sides. See [link] .
  • Two of its sides are parallel and two sides are not.
  • The area, A , of a trapezoid is A = 1 2 h ( b + B ) .

Find the area of a trapezoid whose height is 6 inches and whose bases are 14 and 11 inches.

Solution

Step 1. Read the problem. Draw the figure and label it with the given information. .
Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. the area of the trapezoid
Step 3. Name. Choose a variable to represent it. Let A = the area
Step 4. Translate.
Write the appropriate formula.
Substitute.

.
Step 5. Solve the equation. .
Step 6. Check: Is this answer reasonable?

If we draw a rectangle around the trapezoid that has the same big base B and a height h , its area should be greater than that of the trapezoid.

If we draw a rectangle inside the trapezoid that has the same little base b and a height h , its area should be smaller than that of the trapezoid.

A table is shown with 3 columns and 4 rows. The first column has an image of a trapezoid with a rectangle drawn around it in red. The larger base of the trapezoid is labeled 14 and is the same as the base of the rectangle. The height of the trapezoid is labeled 6 and is the same as the height of the rectangle. The smaller base of the trapezoid is labeled 11. Below this is A sub rectangle equals b times h. Below is A sub rectangle equals 14 times 6. Below is A sub rectangle equals 84 square inches. The second column has an image of a trapezoid. The larger base is labeled 14, the smaller base is labeled 11, and the height is labeled 6. Below this is A sub trapezoid equals one-half times h times parentheses little b plus big B. Below this is A sub trapezoid equals one-half times 6 times parentheses 11 plus 14. Below this is A sub trapezoid equals 75 square inches. The third column has an image of a trapezoid with a red rectangle drawn inside of it. The height is labeled 6. Below this is A sub rectangle equals b times h. Below is A sub rectangle equals 11 times 6. Below is A sub rectangle equals 66 square inches.

The area of the larger rectangle is 84 square inches and the area of the smaller rectangle is 66 square inches. So it makes sense that the area of the trapezoid is between 84 and 66 square inches

Step 7. Answer the question. The area of the trapezoid is 75 square inches.

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The height of a trapezoid is 14 yards and the bases are 7 and 16 yards. What is the area?

161 sq. yd

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The height of a trapezoid is 18 centimeters and the bases are 17 and 8 centimeters. What is the area?

225 sq. cm

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Find the area of a trapezoid whose height is 5 feet and whose bases are 10.3 and 13.7 feet.

Solution

Step 1. Read the problem. Draw the figure and label it with the given information. .
Step 2. Identify what you are looking for. the area of the trapezoid
Step 3. Name. Choose a variable to represent it. Let A = the area
Step 4. Translate.
Write the appropriate formula.
Substitute.

.
Step 5. Solve the equation. .
Step 6. Check: Is this answer reasonable?
The area of the trapezoid should be less than the area of a rectangle with base 13.7 and height 5, but more than the area of a rectangle with base 10.3 and height 5.
An image of a trapezoid is shown with a red rectangle drawn around it. The larger base of the trapezoid is labeled 13.7 ft. and is the same as the base of the rectangle. The height of both the trapezoid and the rectangle is 5 ft. Next to this is an image of a trapezoid with a black rectangle drawn inside it. The smaller base of the trapezoid is labeled 10.3 ft. and is the same as the base of the rectangle. Below the images is A sub red rectangle is greater than A sub trapezoid is greater than A sub rectangle. Below this is 68.5, 60, and 51.5.
Step 7. Answer the question. The area of the trapezoid is 60 square feet.
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Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
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for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
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Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
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there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
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Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
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Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
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Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
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SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
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Source:  OpenStax, Prealgebra. OpenStax CNX. Jul 15, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11756/1.9
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