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History

Grade 4

How transport has served mankind

Module 12

The story of the space race

Once people had managed to travel across continents and oceans, they started making attempts to travel through the skies and to reach the stars and the planets. In the beginning these efforts involved competition between individual people. Later the efforts became space expeditions undertaken by teams from different countries.

In this unit, we'll be doing exercises that will help you to have a better understanding of time.

The well-known French writer Jules Verne was a man with a remarkable imagination and great insight. He had written his famous book, From the Earth to the Moon, in 1866. Read the following extract from this amazing story.

Jules Verne

Activity 1

To understand time [lo 2.1]

A)read the following story and then work with a partner to match the sketches with the correct captions.

A group of artillery officers established the Cannon Club after the American Civil war. They hoped to launch a rocket that would reach the moon! Forty countries donated money for this project. The cannon that would launch the rocket weighed 68 000 tons. The projectile, which was named Columbiad, was as big as a railway carriage. A hole was dug in the ground to mount the cannon. (The launching was to take place near the town of Tampa, not far from the present Cape Kennedy.)

The three space travellers wore spacesuits consisting of top hats, trousers and jackets. Two dogs, Diana and Satellite, were to accompany them, because they expected to be breathing ordinary air. Gas was only used for lighting and heating. Meals consisted of roast potatoes and various tasty dishes.

When the massive cannon blasted the rocket into space, the space travellers lost consciousness for a while. The spectators who watched the launching lost their hearing and were deaf for a few days following the event, because of the level of the noise. The Colombiad orbited the moon several times. Because of the extreme cold on the dark side of the moon, ice formed inside the craft. The spacemen drew accurate maps of the moon and reported that there were no visible signs of life on the moon.

The Colombiad plunged into the Pacific Ocean at the end of its voyage and the crew was picked up out of the sea by an American warship. All the trains of the American railway system were taken out of service for four days so that the famous space travellers could travel through the country on a special train. They were received as heroes wherever they went.

1 2 3
4 5
a) The big day . . . . flags are fluttering . . . . everything is ready for the launch.
b) The space travellers go on board.
c) Inside the rocket.
d) The enormous cannon launches the Colombiad .
e) Return to earth.
  • Do you think the clothes that the spacemen wore would have been warm enough for their voyage?
  • Conduct a class quiz. Each team must work out questions about this amazing imagined flight.

B)study the following time line and sketches concerning the story of the space race. then do the activities that are suggested.

Activity 2

To understand time [lo 2.1]

A)arrange the sketches that are supplied in the correct sequence. you could summarise this illustration with the help of the information from the previous time line.

B)work in your groups to arrange the following sketches in the correct chronological sequence with the help of the clues given below.

1. Laika – the first space traveller. She was sent into space by the Soviets on 3 November 1957.
2. Skylab 1.
3. First American space travellers on the moon.
4. The first Soviet satellite, Sputnik 1.
5. Columbia space shuttle.
6. Terra Moon Hotel - grand opening on 1 January 2010.
  • What has become of Laika?

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 2: HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING The learner will be able to demonstrate historical knowledge and understanding.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner

2.1 understands chronology and time:

  • is able to use general concepts in stories about the past (old, new, before, after);
  • understands words such as history and archaeology ;
  • is able to arrange objects, artefacts and pictures in a particular order;
  • is able to demonstrate how, over time, certain aspects changed/remained the same;
  • begins to use words like past, myth, truth.

Memorandum

a) a) 2 d) 3

b) 4 e) 1

c) 5

a)

1. First people on the moon, 1969 5
2. Sputnik 1 – first satellite, 1957, (Oct) 1
3. Moon capsule, Eagle lands, 1969 4
4. First woman in space, 1963 3
5. Sputnik 2 with dog, 1957 (Nov) 2

b) 5, 3, 4, 6, 2, 1

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11089/1.1
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