<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Social sciences: history

Grade 7

The great trek moves boundaries

Module 5

Start of the great trek

The first large group of Voortrekkers left the Eastern Frontier at the end of 1835 under the leadership of Louis Tregardt and Lang Hans van Rensburg, two elephant hunters. They moved across the Orange River to the Transorangia mainly on rafts made from tree stumps, on their way to the Soutpansberg and the Limpopo River Valley. It was an excellent hunting area, but, unfortunately, also home to the tsetse fly and malaria mosquito.

Van Rensburg moved into the Limpopo River Valley in order to open a route for ivory trade with Delagoa Bay, but clashed with the local Tsonga and his whole group was killed.

The Tregardt group could not find them and left for Delagoa Bay. Only a few Trekkers survived the journey because of malaria. Tregardt kept a complete diary about this. From there, they went to Port Natal aboard a ship.

Early in 1836, Andries Hendrik Potgieter’s and Sarel Cilliers’ parties arrived at Thaba Nchu. Potgieter traded land from the Taung under the leadership of Makwana. Potgieter received land in exhange for cattle and protection against the Ndebele. They also met Maroka, chief of the Rolong. They also had friendly relations with the neighbouring Tlokao under Sekonyela and Piet David’s Griquas. The Voortrekkers made friends with the Basotho. They traded in livestock, ammunition and rifles.

Activity 1:

To reconstruct the stay of the voortrekkers in the trans-orangia

[lo 2.3]

  1. Read the conversation below which could possibly have taken place between Potgieter and Makwana. Then answer the questions.

  • Why did the Voortrekkers leave the Eastern Frontier?
  • What, do you think, did the Voortrekkers and the Taung think of each other?
  • What did the Trekkers want to do with land?

Meanwhile, Potgieter went to Tregardt at the Soutpansberg to negotiate accommodation and a harbour in the north. Their groups stayed near Thaba Nchu. Small groups of these people often crossed the Vaal River to hunt.

Mzilikazi was very worried about the large groups of people who could threaten his Ndebele Empire. The Rolong, Tlokoa and Griquas often carried out raids and the Zulu often attacked him.

Mzilikazi’s chief induna, Kaliphi, then attacked the Voortrekkers and carried off some of their livestock. The Liebenberg party was almost completely destroyed, but the other groups helped to ward off the attack.

Potgieter heard about this on his return in August 1836. In October, the Ndebele attacked the square shaped Voortrekker laager at Vegkop. The main battle did not last longer than 30 minutes and approximately 40 Trekkers repulsed the 6 000 Ndebele. About 430 Ndebele and two Voortrekkers were killed. The Ndebele also raided 100 horses, 400 cattle, 5 600 sheep and the draught oxen. Food became very scarce, because it was not safe to hunt. Maroka offered the Trekkers food and draught oxen.

b) Imagine you are a Zulu spy during the Battle of Vegkop. Find answers to the questions below and then write a short report on the battle.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, History grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11023/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'History grade 7' conversation and receive update notifications?