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English first additional language

Grade 9

‘paws and pollen’

Module 17

Proverbs and idioms

Activity 1:

To expand vocabulary

[lo 6.9]

Much vocabulary relates to animals and plants.

Read the following idioms and proverbs for a start.

In your group discuss what is meant by each of these sayings.

Take home those you are unsure of and see if your parents can help you.

To have green fingers
To hear through the grapevine
To be a dog in a manger
To be mutton dressed up as lamb
To be a wolf in sheep’s clothing
To have goose flesh
To reap what one sows
To take a horse to water but not to be able to make it drink
To cast pearls before swine
Not to count your chickens before they have hatched
To know that all his geese are swans
To have cooked his goose
Not being able to say “Boo” to a goose
To kill the goose that lays the golden egg
To pluck ones goose
What’s sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander
To be in the doghouse
To be as sick as a dog
To go to the dogs
To rain cats and dogs
To let the cat out of the bag
To put a cat among the pigeons
To be a rose among the thorns
To be a thorn in the flesh

[24]

Many countries have flowers or plants as their national symbols.

Can you match the following national flowers to their country?

C ountry S election
Lily (Fleur-de-lis) Scotland
Pomegranate France
Rose Ireland
Shamrock Canada
Thistle England
Sugar Maple Spain

[6]

If you could have a plant or flower to represent you, what would you choose and why would you choose that particular plant or flower?

Share your choice with the class. You can learn something about one another!

Activity 2:

To learn correct language structure and use

[lo 6.8]

Let us learn about language!

We are going to base our language exercises on the following article from the Your Family (June 2003):

Floral history

The earliest record of South African flora was made by Justus Heurnius, a Dutch missionary who collected and recorded plants in 1624 while the ship he was sailing on from Batavia to Holland took on fresh water in Cape Town.

By 1700, almost 1000 Cape plants had been recorded. One of the governors of the Cape, Ryk Tulbagh, a lover of wild flowers, was responsible for sending plants, bulbs and seeds from the Cape to Carl Linnaeus, the Swedish botanical expert, who devised the system by which all living things are named.

In 1772 Sir Joseph Banks, the acting director of Kew, before it became a public garden, sent Francis Masson to collect plants from South Africa. Masson sailed with Captain Cook to Cape Town, where he collected more than 400 species of plants, including seventy-nine different species of Proteas and fifty species of Cape Pelargoniums. It was Masson’s collections of Cape flora that gave Kew its reputation as a leading botanical institution.

South African plants also found their way to Australia aboard ships on their way to the ‘new colony’. These include Nerine, Gazanias, Ericas and Clivias, as well as weeds such as Oxalis and Kikuyu.

1

2. Let us revise the USES (FUNCTIONS) OF THE COMMA.

You would have noticed that the writer has made use of a number of commas . See how:

Questions & Answers

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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11061/1.1
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