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  • Do not touch the person.
  • Send for adult help.
  • Press the stop button to cut off the mains power.
  • Switch off the appliance at the socket and pull out the plug.
  • If this is not possible, try to push them away from the electricity. Use something made of wood which does not conduct the electricity to you.
  • If you are certain that the power is off, then you can attempt to give the person first aid if you have been trained to do it.
  • If you give yourself a slight electric shock you may feel weak, so relax a bit before carrying on working.

N.B.: Take good care of a person who has been injured. Keep him / her warm, let him / her lie down and call for help.

Safety measures with regard to

Scissors

  • A scissors must be good quality, sharp and in good working order.
  • Never let the tips of the scissors close when cutting a line greater than the length of the blades.
  • When cutting curves always turn the card and not the scissors.

Craft knives

  • Only to be used under very close supervision together with a metal safety ruler.
  • Cut onto a suitable safety surface e.g. Very thick card/ cutting board.
  • Stand when you cut and retract the blade when you need to put it away.
  • The blade should not be to far out.
  • You are allowed with the knife in your hand only when you are going to cut.

Drills

  • You should know how to change twist drills, how to hold the hand drill and how to keep it at right angles to their work.
  • The material to be drilled must be cramped securely.
  • Do not remove the chuck completely as it is very difficult to reassemble.
  • Select the appropriate twist drill – choosing one too small rather than one too big if in doubt.
  • When drilling turn the handle in a clockwise direction and continue turning the same way when removing the drill bit from the hole.
  • Hand drills are for holes up to 6mm in diameter; use a brace and bit for larger holes.
  • Never leave a hand drill lying on a work top as it can so easily fall off and damage the twist drill.

Glue guns

  • Must only be used under very close supervision.
  • It is suitable for wood, metals and certain plastics.
  • When it is switched on and not in use ensure that it is correctly positioned on its stand.
  • Switch off after use.
  • Be careful of glue that drips and put it away after the gun is cooled off.

General

  • When sawing plastics and metals, safety spectacles should be worn, because there is a risk of eye damage.
  • Some plastics become pliable when heated but care must be taken to control the temperature because the burning of plastics is dangerous as many give off poisonous fumes.
  • Polysterene should be cut with a hot wire cutter set low and used in a well ventilated room.

Soldering irons

  • Soldering irons must be treated with respect. They often use mains electricity and get very hot.

The rules for correct use are as follows:

  1. Do not leave them switched on for possible future use. Always switch them off when not in use, because this will prolong the life of the iron.
  2. Never touch the mains lead with the tip of the iron. It will melt and expose bare wires which could lead to an electric shock.
  3. Always use a proper soldering iron stand. Failure to do so will mean that there is a risk of the hot iron setting fire to things.
  4. Avoid breathing in the resin fumes from the flux.
  5. Protect the work surface with hardboard.

First aid for other injuries

Small cuts

  • Wash the cut in cold water to clean it and stop the bleeding. Dry well with a clean cloth and cover it with sticky plaster to keep it clean.

Serious cuts

  • Press the wound hard with a clean handkerchief, tissue or your hands to reduce the bleeding.
  • Put the wound higher than the rest of your body to lessen the flow of blood.
  • Find or call someone to help you.

Splinters

  • Sterilize tweezers or a needle in the blue part of a flame.
  • Make sure you get all the splinter out.
  • Then clean the wound with antiseptic liquid and cover it with sticky plaster.

Bruises

  • Wash with cold water to reduce bruising and swelling.
  • A bruised fingernail may go black. If very painful, see a doctor.
  • Blood blisters should be left to dry up, not popped.

During investigations, plans a strategy for collecting data and information that includes:

  • using search techniques;
  • extracts relevant data for specific purposes;
  • produces meaningful summaries.

Activity 1:

To draw up a list of safety measures

[lo 1.11]

Write down five rules that you must obey with regard to wearing the correct clothing in the Technology class.

Activity 2:

To emphasise safe working practices

[lo 1.11]

Explain the rule that applies to each of the following sketches:

Activity 3:

To write a short and clear statement about the safe handling of tools

[lo 1.11]

Produce a short rule with a fitting lettering design for any tool that you use in the Technology class, for example soldering irons, utility knives, glue guns, drills, saws, ex. The emphasis in the lettering type, should be that it should be easily readable, a warning and informational. The rule/s must focus on a safety aspect.

Bright colours, a bold lettering style and asymmetrical lettering would be regarded as suitable. The best examples will be laminated and put up in the class. You must use a computer or stencils for your final product.

Assessment

Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
Technological processes and skillsThe learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technology.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
Investigates :1.3 investigates the background context, the nature of the need, the environmental situation, and the people concerned when given a problem, need or opportunity set in a local context;
Designs :1.7 generates at least two alternative solutions and annotates the ideas;
1.8 chooses possible solutions, gives sensible reasons for choice, and develops a chosen idea using graphics or modelling techniques;
Makes :1.10 chooses and uses appropriate tools and materials to make products by measuring, marking, cutting or separating, shaping or forming, joining or combining, and finishing different materials with some accuracy;
1.11 use safe working practices and shows awareness of efficient ways of using materials and tools;

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11032/1.1
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