# 1.2 Making a rocket

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## Making a rocket

Design and realise

Background

A rocket relies on jet propulsion in order to fly. When a rocket uses its fuel, a current of warm air is exhausted at its tail causing the rocket to move forward. Planes that fly at lower than 25 km use the oxygen in the atmosphere to ignite (burn up) their fuel.

Rockets have to carry oxygen with them, because above 25 km from the earth’s surface there is not enough oxygen.

M ake a Rocket

Background

We are now going to make a rocket that will use jet propulsion in order to move forward. The speed with which a rocket moves forward depends on the amount of propellant gas that is exhausted at the rear end. Water is a much better propellant than warm gas, because it is much heavier. We are going to use compressed water and air and will make observations regarding how high/far your rocket can fly.

## [lo 1.10]

Requirements:

• Thin cardboard.
• A pen.
• A ruler.
• Coloured cardboard.
• A pair of scissors.
• Two empty.
• 2ℓ plastic bottles.
• A funnel.
• A jug of water.
• A cork.
• An air valve (from a bicycle pump).
• Plastic tube.
• A bicycle pump.
• A plastic bank coin pouch.
• A protractor.
• Glue.
• A Stanley knife.
• A stiletto or a knitting-needle.
• A pair of compasses.
• Oil-based paint.

Background

A plane or rocket operates according to Newton’s third law of movement, namely if one source exerts a force on another, then the other source exerts the same amount of force on the first source, but in the opposite direction from the first source; i.e. for each action there is an opposite reaction.

If the force you exert on something is bigger than the resistance exerted by that object, the force that you exert can cause movement. The movement in the rocket is brought about by the rocket being pushed upward by the escaping gases that were generated as a result of the chemical reaction between the fuel and the oxygen that are burnt up in the combustion chambers. The large volume of gases escapes at a high speed through the rocket’s steel exhaust pipe.

There are five types of force that act upon a rocket, namely:

Thrust : the force provided by the engine, which is exhausted at the rear end and which pushes the rocket forward

Gravity : the force that pulls the rocket back to earth

Resistance : This is exerted by the air against the rocket, causing the rocket to reduce its speed. (Outside the atmosphere, there is no resistance, because there is no air.)

Lifting force : A rocket cannot be launched effectively and rise vertically unless the lifting force of its engines is greater than the weight of the rocket.

Relative wind : The air flows rapidly around the nose and down the body. Longer nose-pieces are used to get better airflow.

## [lo 1.7]

Background

A rocket needs fins in order to fly in a straight line. Do research about what the fins of a rocket look like and draw a few examples in the space provided. Also decide how many fins you would like to use and what size the fins will have to be in relation to the body section of the rocket. Also, decide what type of material will be the most suitable for making the fins. The position of the fins on the body is also extremely important.

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
China
Cied
types of nano material
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
what is nano technology
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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