<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
This report summarizes work done as part of the Hippocampus Neuroscience PFUG under Rice University's VIGRE program. VIGRE is a program of Vertically Integrated Grants for Research and Education in the Mathematical Sciences under the direction of the National Science Foundation. A PFUG is a group of Postdocs, Faculty, Undergraduates and Graduate students formed round the study of a common problem.This module reproduces the work of A Lansner and E Fransen's "Modelling Hebbian cell assemblies comprised of cortical neurons". This work was studied in the Rice University VIGRE class CAAM 499 in the Fall of 2007.


One hypothesis on how ideas are structured in the brain is that groups of cells form a unit called a cell assembly. The cells within the assembly are connected with strong excitatory synapses. Thus, when enough activity occurs in the neurons within the assembly, then the entire assembly will have the ability to activate. An active assembly would meet the definition that the cells within the assembly are firing at a high rate in the same time frame. Successions of assembly activation could be the basis of how to form thoughts and give a mental representation for different concepts. This idea was introduced by Donald Hebb in The Organization of Behavior . The assembly will eventually shut down if the source of stimulation ceases or a competing assembly can provide inhibition. This theory can be extended to explain how learning occurs and possible phenomena such as perspective-rivalry. For instance, in optical illusions, such as the nectar cube shown below, there are two different possible interpretations of the perspective. It is possible that two different assemblies represent the different perspectives. In order to switch perspectives one must shut down the current perspective assembly and activate the alternate perspective. There could also be a hierarchy of assemblies. Sub-assemblies could give rise to larger assemblies. Due to synaptic plasticity different sub-assemblies that are activated in similar orders through repetition allows new larger Assemblies to form. If sufficient clues that are represented by smaller sub-assemblies are activated, the brain will be able to activate the larger assembly.

The Neckar Cube has two possible perspectives. Cell Assembly rivalry could be responsible for competing interpretations.

Module goal

To get some insight on whether this is plausible we want to construct biologically accurate computational models and test assembly activation and inhibition. This module will follow the paper Modeling Hebbian cell assemblies comprised of cortical neurons , by A Lanser and E Fransen. It will show how to reproduce the results contained in the paper and the mathematics involved.

Here is a brief summary of what is ahead:

1.) Go over the neuron models and the different ion channels.

2.) Show how synaptic input is modeled.

3.) Show how differential equations are solved with time stepping.

4.) Show how patterns which represent different assemblies are used to "train" a network and produce weights.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, The art of the pfug. OpenStax CNX. Jun 05, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10523/1.34
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'The art of the pfug' conversation and receive update notifications?