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Once the specific content and decision points of the simulation were determined, technical production work began. Individuals ranging from lawyers to superintendents to student actors were used to create video dramatizations of the various confrontations and situations that arose as the case unfolded. A narrator was used throughout the simulation to provide continuity and as a vehicle to convey demographic, procedural, and background information to the participants. Every scene and situation in the simulation was deliberately kept gender, racially, and ethnically neutral so that participants would make decisions as themselves throughout the experience. All interactions with the simulation were first person, face-to-face interactions, with the participant being directly addressed by those in the dramatizations.

Post-production work was primarily technically oriented, as video footage was edited to develop the exposition of the scene, but at the same time to keep the total length of the simulation manageable. Each video clip was “deposited” into the current position in the simulation plan and links between the various paths were established. Additional visual details such as captions, still photos, and text boxes were developed to assist in the seamless flow of the story line. After the simulation production was completed, testing began. Each potential decision point and simulation path was validated to make sure that it linked with the appropriate outcomes.

The research study

The research component of the project began with the development of answer documents intended to capture demographic information about respondents, quantitative data about their decision choices, qualitative information about why they chose as they did, and personal feedback about the simulation itself and the simulation experience. The first portion of the study, outlined in this paper, dealt with respondents’ reactions to the simulation experience and outcomes. A subsequent quantitative study will contrast the actual decision-making process of experienced and aspiring administrators.

Research questions

In this initial study on the use of simulations to replicate administrative decision-making, several research questions were posed:

  1. How did participants view the content and concepts of this particular simulation? In this case, did participants feel that the simulation authentically replicated actual administrative work?
  2. How did participants view the simulation experience as an instructional tool regardless of the content of the specific scenario?

The study

The research study examined two distinct groups during the 2009-2010 school year. The first research group consisted of members of the Ashland Leadership Academy Seminar (ALAS). The participants in ALAS were current school leaders, holding positions from building principal to superintendent. These experienced administrators completed demographic information related to their age, ethnicity, gender, level of experience, and current administrative position. They individually completed the simulation and recorded their responses and rationale at each key decision point, their overall reactions to the decisions made, and their perceptions of the simulation experience itself.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
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what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review, volume 12, number 1 (april 2011). OpenStax CNX. Mar 26, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11285/1.2
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