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The override declaration

Note the use of the override declaration in Listing 2 . In C#, if one method overrides another, it is necessary to declare that fact.

Once again, if you come from a Java background, you will note that this is just the reverse of the situation in Java. In Java, a method whose name,return type, and formal argument list matches an inherited method will automatically override the inherited method.

A compiler warning

If you fail to make the override declaration in Listing 2 , you will get a compiler warning that reads something like the following:

warning CS0114: 'B.m()' hides inherited member 'A.m()'. To make the current member override that implementation,add the override keyword. Otherwise add the new keyword.

Overriding versus hiding

I'm not going to get into a discussion of the difference between overriding and hiding in this module. Perhaps I will find the time to provide such adiscussion in a future module.

Behavior of the overridden method

Like the inherited version of the method, the overridden version displays a message indicating that it has been called. However, the message is differentfrom the message displayed by the inherited version discussed above. The overridden version tells us that it is defined in the class named B .

According to the current jargon, the behavior of the overridden version of the method is appropriate for an object instantiated from the classnamed B .

Again, this message will allow us to determine which version of the method is executed in each case discussed later.

The driver class

Listing 3 shows the beginning of the driver class named Polymorph03 .

Listing 3 . Beginning of the driver class.

public class Polymorph03 { public static void Main() {Object var = new B(); //Following will compile and run((B)var).m();

A new object of the class B

The code in the Main method begins by instantiating a new object of the class named B , and assigning the object's reference to a reference variable of type Object .

This is legal because an object's reference can be assigned to any reference variable whose type is a superclass of the class from which the objectwas instantiated. The class named Object is the superclass of all classes.

Downcast and call the method

If you have read the module titled Xna0112-Type Conversion, Casting, and Assignment Compatibility , it will come as no surprise to you that the second statement in the Main method, which casts the reference down to type B and calls the method named m on it, will compile and execute successfully.

Which version was executed?

The execution of the method produces the following output on the computer screen:

m in class B

By examining the output, you can confirm that the version of the method that was overridden in the class named B is the version that was executed.

Why was this version executed?

This should also come as no surprise to you. The cast converts the type of the reference from type Object to type B .

You can always call a public method belonging to an object using a referenceto the object whose type is the same as the class from which the object was instantiated.

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
how to synthesize TiO2 nanoparticles by chemical methods
Zubear
what's the program
Jordan
?
Jordan
what chemical
Jordan
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Xna game studio. OpenStax CNX. Feb 28, 2014 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11634/1.6
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