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The size issue

Here is some of what the Oracle documentation for the LinkedList class has to say about the size issue for this version of the toArray method.

"If the list fits in the specified array, it is returned therein. Otherwise, a new array is allocated with the runtime type of the specifiedarray and the size of this list. If the list fits in the specified array with room to spare (i.e., the array has more elements than the list), theelement in the array immediately following the end of the collection is set to null. This is useful in determining the length of the list only if thecaller knows that the list does not contain any null elements."

So, what did I do?

Knowing all of this in advance, I purposely caused the size of the JComponent array to be larger (by two elements) than the number of elements in the collection. Therefore, the array that I passed to the toArray method was populated and a reference to that populated array was returned.

(Had my array been smaller than the number of elements in the collection, the toArray method would have created and populated a new array of typeJComponent and would have returned a reference to that new array object. In that case, my array would have been used by the toArray method only for the purposeof determining the runtime type of my array.)

More information from Oracle

Here is some additional information about the toArray method provided by the Oracle documentation for the Collection interface:

"If this collection makes any guarantees as to what order its elements are returned by its iterator, this method must return the elements in thesame order."

Because the iterator for a LinkedList object returns the elements in increasing index order, the toArray method, in this case, copies the element at each index position in the collection into the element at the sameindex position in the array. Thus, reference values are copied from each element in the collection into the first six elements in the array.

The output

The output produced by the code in Listing 5 is shown below:

New array contents B0 B1 L2 B3 B4 L5 null 17

You will note that the first six elements in the array match the six elements in the collection (the initial values placed in the array earlier when the array was instantiated have been overwritten).

You will also note that the value of the seventh element in the array (index value 6) has been overwritten with a null reference.

Demonstrates same array was used

Note finally that the last element in the array was not overwritten. It still contains the value placed there when the array object was instantiated. Thisdemonstrates that the array that I passed to the toArray method was populated with the collection data, and a reference to that array was returnedby the toArray method.

What if the array was too small?

Had my array been too small, it would have been discarded by the toArray method. The toArray method would have created and populated a new array object of the correct size and runtime type, and would have returned a referenceto that new array.

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
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Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
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what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
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how to synthesize TiO2 nanoparticles by chemical methods
Zubear
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Object-oriented programming (oop) with java. OpenStax CNX. Jun 29, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11441/1.201
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