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Relatively smooth motion

When I compile and run this program, I see the sprite moving with a relatively smooth motion. Unless your computer is very slow, you should probablysee the same thing.

Beginning of the class named Slick0150a

Listing 1 shows the beginning of the class definition for the class named Slick0150a .

Listing 1 . Beginning of the class named Slick0150a.
public class Slick0150a extends BasicGame{Image bug = null; Image background = null;float backgroundWidth;float backgroundHeight;float bugX = 100; float bugY = 100;float bugWidth; float bugHeight;float bugXDirection = 1.0f;//initial direction to rightfloat bugYDirection = 1.0f;//initial direction is downfloat xStep = 4.0f;//horizontal step size float yStep = 3.0f;//vertical step sizefloat bugScale = 0.75f;//drawing scale factor//Used to compute and display the time required for the// bug to make each round trip across the game window // and back.long oldTime = 0; long traversalTime = 0;//Frame rate we would like to see and maximum frame// rate we will allow. int targetFPS = 60;

Listing 1 consists entirely of instance variable declarations. The purpose of each of these variables shouldbecome clear as they are used later in the code. No explanation beyond the embedded commentsshould be needed at this point.

The constructor and the main method

There is nothing new in the constructor and the main method. You can view them both in Listing 9 .

The init method

The init method is shown in Listing 2 . I will explain the new material in this method.

Listing 2 . The init method for Slick0150a.
public void init(GameContainer gc) throws SlickException {oldTime = gc.getTime(); bug = new Image("ladybug.png");background = new Image("background.jpg");backgroundWidth = background.getWidth(); backgroundHeight = background.getHeight();bugWidth = bug.getWidth()*bugScale;bugHeight = bug.getHeight()*bugScale;System.out.println( "backgroundWidth: " + backgroundWidth);System.out.println( "backgroundHeight: " + backgroundHeight);System.out.println("bugWidth: " + bugWidth); System.out.println("bugHeight: " + bugHeight);gc.setTargetFrameRate(targetFPS);//set frame rate}//end init

Get the time

The GameContainer class provides a method named getTime , which is described simply as:

"Get the accurate system time."

I am interpreting this to mean that the method will return the system time good to one millisecond relative to a well-defined time origin.

(Standard Java uses January 1, 1970 as the origin or epoch of time but Slick2D may use a different origin. Since we will be working with changes intime and not absolute time, the time origin doesn't matter.)

The init method in Listing 2 calls the getTime method to get and save the time in an instance variable named oldTime . The values in this variable will be used later to compute the round-trip timerequired for the sprite to move across the game window and back to the starting point at the right edge of the window.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Anatomy of a game engine. OpenStax CNX. Feb 07, 2013 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11489/1.13
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