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The difficult c: contention

One of the inevitable byproducts of conversation, especially purposeful conversation, is contention. Inthe story above, both schools experienced some level of disagreement in finalizing their mission statements. The differencewas that, in the first school, teachers retreated from the point of contention rather than attempting to explore and understand it. TheEnglish teacher, John, made a legitimate point: how can teachers say that they ensure student learning when there are so manydifferent, important variables that are out of their control?

When educators are asked to make collaborative decisions, there are bound to be differences of opinion. If you andI are required to give a common assessment at the end of a unit on adding and subtracting fractions, we are also going to have toagree on certain curricular and instructional points. I may favor a quiz full of multiple-choice questions and short word problems,whereas you may favor a performance task in which students apply their knowledge of fractions to a novel situation. In order forstudents to be successful on either of these assessments, they will need to have participated in activities that align with thoseassessments, i.e., curriculum and instruction will both need to lead toward the assessment. Now we are not just talking about acommon assessment, we are talking about philosophies of teaching and learning. Once the assessments are graded, what if I requireevery student with a failing grade to retake the assessment until they score at least a 70, while you count the first score no matterhow low it might be?

In PLCs, teachers have to work through contention. In fact, research suggests that it is the way in whichteacher teams deal with conflict that ultimately determines the extent to which a school can become a true professional learningcommunity. In a comparison case study of two middle schools, Achinstein (2002) examined the micropolitical factors that canaffect the development of teacher community. One of the key features that emerged from her study was the way in which teachersmanaged conflict within teams. According to Achinstein (2002):

The kinds of organizational learning purported to result from building community among teachers are deeply linkedto how they manage the difference amid their collaboration. The processes of conflict are critical to understanding whatdistinguishes a professional community that maintains stability and the status quo from a community engaged in ongoing inquiry andchange. (p.446)

So how does a school leader help teachers address contention in productive ways? First, it is important toremember that many educators have never been required to collaborate in this manner. In traditional schools, teachers canretreat from contention, returning to their classrooms to do things the way they want to do them. Therefore, while it is important torequire that teachers work together and achieve some level of team consensus despite contention, it is also important to supportteachers in this process. As a school leader, sit in on formal conversations that have a chance of becoming contentious(department or grade-level meetings focused around developing curriculum or assessments, or meetings that include analysis ofstudent data are good candidates), and model for teachers the ways in which contention-laden conversations can be addressed. Onestrategy in this arena is to emphasize practice over personality; that is, in discussing teaching or assessment strategies in theclassroom, use language that focuses on the actual practice disconnected from the teacher who employed it. Take the temperatureof faculty members through formal data collection practices (e.g., staff surveys) and informally through casual conversations, and bewilling to slow down if disagreements or frustrations are interfering with organizational effectiveness. While somecontention is a healthy sign that important issues are being addressed, be careful that feelings are not getting hurt and thatteachers feel supported and valued in their efforts. Finally, consider the following strategies:

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Hennis test course. OpenStax CNX. Jun 27, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10430/1.1
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