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Social sciences: history

Grade 5

Shaping a new society in s.a.

Module 7

The black people

The black people also originally came from Northern Africa. They arrived in Southern Africa at roughly the same time that the Khoina started farming with livestock. The black people developed further than the Khoina and the San. They cultivated the soil around their homes and kraals – therefore they are called agrarians or farmers. The women tilled the soil in the fields and planted the seed, while the men helped to reap the crops. They planted mainly mealies and sorghum. They ground the mealies to make mealie meal. This was used to cook porridge with.

Why were they called the Iron Age people?

The San and the Khoina are called Stone Age people, mainly because they used tools made from stone. The black people, however, knew how to make effective iron tools. Iron ore was melted and was used to make hunting weapons and tools or implements such as hoes. The black people were stronger than the San and the Khoina and were therefore able to fight for possession of the best parts of the country. Black farmers generally preferred the eastern parts of the country, as the rainfall was good and the soil fertile. They farmed with sheep and goats, but their main farming activity was planting crops. Later on cattle farming became their most important line of stock farming, because cattle provided more products and were a symbol of wealth and status.

The black people no longer moved around so much. They started to settle in fixed areas. Wooded areas were often cleared so that they could plant their crops. They began to build more permanent dwellings, because now there was enough food for everybody. More and more little villages developed. The first of these hamlets in South Africa were built round about 300 AD.


To reconstruct the past of the black people

[lo 3.3]

  1. You now also have the opportunity to become familiar with the past of the black people. Complete the following summary on the black people and then have a look at a typical kraal.


They ate mainly meat, sorghum, milk and

m _________ (1).


They were very fond of ________ (2).

When there were feasts or festivities they slaughtered

a(n) _____ (3). ________ (4) spoke to the spirits of the forefathers.


They wore the tanned ___________ (5) of wild animals.

Ostrich feathers were placed on the ___________ (6).


Some gathered _____________ (7) grass and reeds for their huts.

The ______________ (8) of the hut was made of thatching-grass.

The walls were coated with ________________ (9).

________________ (10) built huts.

Sometimes they drew beautiful p _____________ (11).





Listen attentively to the interview with Xayimpi. Remember some of the words. Ask your teacher to read it to you so that you can supply the missing answers. Your teacher is allowed to help you!

Question 1: How was such a tribe ruled?

XWhere a large group of __________ (1) lived together, they had to __________ (2) ways of co-existing ____ (3) peace. The headman of _________ (4) group got together to elect a ____________ (5) to rule ___________ (6) them all. Thus he had ____________ (7) power, and could __________ (8) others, decide where to build ___________ (9), what _________ (10) to plant, and who had to be ___________ (11) or punished. _____________ (12) were taken at meetings ________ (13) the older men. The _________s’ (14) help was also __________ (15) for difficult decisions.

Question 2: What role was played by the forefathers?

It was believed that the ancestors of a tribe acted as protectors. If things went wrong, they thought that the forefathers were angry with them. Certain ceremonies were then held to appease the spirits. The forefathers were highly revered and it was believed that the dead were still part of the family.

Question 3: Who belonged to the tribe?

Everybody! There were no problems ___________ (16) the care of orphans __________ (17) the elderly. Often, if a m_____(18) died, his b__________ (19) would ___________ (20) his wife in order to lessen the number of ______________ (21). Anyone who violated ___________ (22) system and rules of ____________ (23), were banished _________ (24) killed.

  1. Study the pictures of the black village of approximately 500 years ago. Then divide into groups so that each group can use a different picture.

Now help the group leader to write down five questions based on your group’s picture on a sheet of paper. Leave enough space for the other group to fill in answers. Also remember to write the number of the picture at the top of the page.

Make sure that you don’t write questions that need only a yes or no answer!

After the questions have been answered, exchange the work with another group. Now answer your questions while the group leader fills in the answers.

Each group leader must give feedback on their questions and answers orally to the rest of the class on behalf of his/her group.

Your teacher could even have all the groups’ assignments typed (or written out neatly) and return it to you.

[LO 3.3]

The early inhabitants of Africa that you have met up to now all contributed to the development of our country.


LEARNING OUTCOME 3: INTERPRETING HISTORY – The learner will be able to interpret aspects of history

3.1 Be aware of more than one view of the past

Understand that different views of the same issue may be right or wrong.

3.2 Distinguish between fact and opinion.

Distinguish between a fact and an opinion.

Is able to access information from maps, charts, diagrams and graphs.

3.3 Reconstruct the past

Is able to reconstruct events and understand how people feel about them.



(a) Food: (1) maize

Customs: (2) music

(3) cow (ox)

(4) soothsayers, priests

Clothing: (5) skins

(6) head

Dwellings: (7) poles, clay, stones, sods

(8) roof

(9) clay bricks (mixture of clay, cow dung)

(10) especially women

(11) patterns

(b) Question 1:

The teacher fill in missing words on his / her copy and reads the interview to the learners. They listen attentively and then completes the activity.

  • (1) of people
  • (2) find
  • (3) together in
  • (4) the
  • (5) leader
  • (6) over
  • (7) a lot of
  • (8) amongst
  • (9) huts
  • (10) food
  • (11) rewarded
  • (12) decisions
  • (13) with
  • (14) soothsayer
  • (15) called in

Question 3

  • (16) with
  • (17) and
  • (18) man
  • (19) brother
  • (20) marry
  • (21) orphans
  • (22) the
  • (23) the tribe / group
  • (24) or

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
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Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
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what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
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what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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