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Ecotourism Tourism in natural environments to observe wildlife, often that are under protection or contain endangered species. It also refers to the practise oftravelling to areas in order to support conservation efforts and uplift the lives of local people.

The attractions of touring south africa

South Africa is a beautiful country that boasts great diversity in its flora and fauna. There are many interesting cultural, historical and environmental placethat people from South Africa and other countries want to visit.

From what you learned from the different ecosystems, you can see that South Africa has a range of systems from desert, wetland, mountains, sea and our ownunique Fynbos biome.

South Africa encompasses about 1,200,000 km 2 and has about 10% of all plant species on Earth. It is the third most biodiverse country in the world, and together with seventeen other countries, isconsidered mega diverse which means those countries contain 70% of the planet's biodiversity. South Africa's unique geography allows the country to supportsuch a diverse population of plants and animals. This makes South Africa an interesting travel destination to many.

Benefits to visitors, locals and the environment

Eco-tourism is a mutually beneficial practice for visitors, locals and the environment.

Eco-tourism has the potential to alleviate poverty in South Africa through bringing money into the economy and creating jobs for locals, while at the sametime turning our great biodiversity and natural resources into a national asset that will be nurtured, protected and grown. Tourism is the fastest growing partof the South African economy. In fact, tourism generates more money in South Africa than gold mining.

Ethical issues

While tourism has great economic potential and gives people access to unique places and cultures, it can have a negative impact. Sensitive ecosystems suchas wetlands and coasts need to be protected so that the balance of organisms can be maintained. Too many visitors and visitors who are not informed abouttheir impact on the environment can have a harmful effect. In the same way tourists need to be sensitive to the cultures and people that they visit.

To protect the plants and animals in the unique ecosystems of South Africa, many areas have been declared National Parks and have strict rules about how tobehave. You can visit the South African National Parks website to learn more about them: www.sanparks.org

In the same way, places that are historically or culturally important have been declared national heritage sites that are protected and maintained. SouthAfrica is also proud to have eight UNESCO (The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) sites:

CULTURAL

• Fossil Hominid Sites of Sterkfontein, Swartkrans, Kromdraai, and Environs (1999)

• Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape (2003)

• Robben Island (1999)

• Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape (2007)

MIXED

• UKhahlamba / Drakensberg Park (2000)

NATURAL

• Cape Floral Region Protected Areas (2004)

• Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park (1999)

• Vredefort Dome (2005)

You can find out more about them here: http://www.sa-venues.com/unesco_world_heritage_sites.htm

How to be a responsible ecotourist

Many areas of South Africa are protected and to travel to these areas you need to respect the area and the people that you are visiting. These are a few tips:

  • Learn a little about the place you are visiting before you go to know the do’s and don’ts. For example, littering is not allowed in anyNational Park in South Africa.
  • South Africa is rich in cultural diversity, which means that people from different areas have different ways of doing things. Learn about the culture oflocal people so that you can make sure not to offend anyone by your behaviour.
  • When you are in a protected area, do not damage plants or animals or buildings.For example, writing graffiti on historical buildings or sites. Remember the saying “take only pictures, leave only footprints”.

http://ethemes.missouri.edu/themes/1382

This an interesting website where you can learn about being a responsible tourist

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Siyavula: life sciences grade 10. OpenStax CNX. Apr 11, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11410/1.3
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